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We investigated the association between the polymorphisms of DNA repair genes, metabolic enzyme genes, and superficial bladder cancer to better understand the role of gene polymorphisms in bladder carcinogenesis for the Han-Chinese population in Shanghai. The SNPs in the XPC, XPG, XRCC1, NQO2, CYP2C9, CYP2C19, CYP2D6, CYP3A4, and CYP3A5 genes were genotyped(More)
OBJECTIVE Angiogenesis is a pivotal process on which solid tumor growth is substantially dependent. Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) is the most potent natural anti-angiogenic factor, which has seldom been studied in bladder tumor, and whose functioning pathway remains unclear. We have thus investigated PEDF expression in relation to tumor necrosis(More)
Escherichia coli purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP) expressed in tumors converts relatively nontoxic prodrugs into membrane-permeant cytotoxic compounds with high bystander activity. In the present study, we examined tumor regressions resulting from treatment with E. coli PNP and fludarabine phosphate (F-araAMP), a clinically approved compound used in(More)
Growth of solid tumor depends on angiogenesis, a process regulated by the balance of pro- and anti-angiogenic factors. We investigated the expression of anti-angiogenic factor pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) and proangiogenic factors vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) with immunohistochemistry in 64(More)
Low levels of oxygen in tissues, seen in situations such as chronic lung disease, necrotic tumors, and high altitude exposures, initiate a signaling pathway that results in active transcription of genes possessing a hypoxia response element (HRE). The aim of this study was to investigate whether a change in miRNA expression following hypoxia could account(More)
The cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) serves a pivotal role in normal epithelial homeostasis; its absence leads to destruction of exocrine tissues, including those of the gastrointestinal tract and lung. Acute regulation of CFTR protein in response to environmental stimuli occurs at several levels (e.g., ion channel phosphorylation,(More)
Caenorhabditis elegans is a well-established model organism for the study of various biological areas. However, the procedures generally used for this worm are limited by the low throughput, low automation, and imprecise delivery of external stimuli. Microfluidics technology is emerging as an attractive and enabling platform to overcome these problems. In(More)
Multiple neurotrophic and/or growth factors, recently nominated as "angioneurins", play the key roles in mood modulation and neuroplasticity, and their dysfunction might be involved in the pathophysiology and treatment of mood disorders. We examined serum levels of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2, nerve growth(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of intravenous administration of dexamethasone on early postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD). METHODS In this prospective randomized trial, 1000 patients with facial spasm undergoing microvascular decompression (MVD) were randomly assigned to receive normal sodium (Dex-0 group, n=333), dexamethasone 0.1 mg/kg(More)