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Members of the miR-183 family are unique in that they are highly abundant in sensory organs. In a recent study, significant downregulation was observed for miR-96 and miR-183 in the L5 dorsal root ganglion (DRG) 2 weeks after spinal nerve ligation (SNL). In this study, we focused on miR-183, which is the most regulated member of the miR-183 family, to look(More)
Excitatory amino acids (EAAs) play a critical role in the development of peripheral tactile and thermal hypersensitivity after the induction of paw inflammation in rats. We used a spinal microdialysis model to examine the effect of complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-induced inflammation on the spinal release of EAAs and assessed the antinociceptive effect of(More)
A significant loss of neurons in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) has been reported in animal models of peripheral nerve injury. Neonatal sensory neurons are more susceptible than adult neurons to axotomy- or nerve growth factor (NGF) withdrawal-induced cell death. To develop therapies for preventing irreversible sensory cell loss, it is essential to(More)
Introduction Body movements, including gestures, provide different learning channels for students, which may help them to more easily understand learning materials From this perspective, the purpose of using gestures is to help learners improve their comprehension and build connections between the materials and gestures. In addition to supporting(More)
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Pulsed radiofrequency (PRF) treatment involves the pulsed application of a radiofrequency electric field to a nerve. The technology offers pain relief for patients suffering from chronic pain who do not respond well to conventional treatments. We tested whether PRF treatment attenuated complete Freund’s adjuvant (CFA) induced inflammatory pain. The profile(More)
Studies regarding coxsackievirus (CV) tend to focus on epidemic outbreaks, an imbalanced topology is considered to be an indication of acute infection with partial cross-immunity. In enteroviruses, a clear understanding of the characteristics of tree topology, transmission, and its demographic dynamics in viral succession and circulation are essential for(More)
This research adopted personal computer transient analyzer-advanced boiling water reactor version (PCTran-ABWR) simulation computer code to analyze the software safety issue for a generic ABWR. A number of postulated instrumentation and control (I&C) system software failure events were derived to perform the dynamic analyses. The basis of event(More)