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In the present study, the pharmacological effects of BmK AS, a beta-like scorpion toxin on rNav1.2 alpha-subunit expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes were investigated using a two-electrode voltage-clamp recording. It was found that the voltage dependence of rNav1.2 inactivation was significantly shifted towards positive membrane potential by 500 nM BmK AS,(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effect of deglycosylation on gating properties of rNav1.3. METHODS rNav1.3 was expressed in Xenopus oocyte, with glycosylation inhibition by using tunicamycin. Two-electrode voltage clamp was employed to record the whole-cell sodium current and data were analyzed by Origin software. Those of glycosylated rNav1.3 were kept as(More)
OBJECTIVE The present study was aimed to investigate the pharmacological modulatory effects of ropivacaine, an amide-type local anesthetic, on rat Nav1.2 (rNav1.2) and rNav1.5, the two Na(+) channel isoforms heterologously expressed in Xenopus oocytes and in HEK293t cell line, respectively. METHODS Two-electrode voltage-clamp (TEVC) and whole-cell(More)
BmK I is classified as alpha-like scorpion toxin that specifically binds the voltage-gated sodium channels via receptor site-3. Previous results showed BmK I induced epileptiform responses in rats via intra-hippocampal injection, but the mechanism has yet to be clarified. In this study, using two-electrode voltage/current clamp technique, we determined the(More)
In this study, we examined the regulation of NF-kappaB activation and IL-8/CXCL8 expression by thrombin in human lung epithelial cells (EC). Thrombin caused a concentration-dependent increase in IL-8/CXCL8 release in a human lung EC line (A549) and primary normal human bronchial EC. In A549 cells, thrombin, SFLLRN-NH2 (a protease-activated receptor 1 (PAR1)(More)
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