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In the present study, the pharmacological effects of BmK AS, a beta-like scorpion toxin on rNav1.2 alpha-subunit expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes were investigated using a two-electrode voltage-clamp recording. It was found that the voltage dependence of rNav1.2 inactivation was significantly shifted towards positive membrane potential by 500 nM BmK AS,(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effect of deglycosylation on gating properties of rNav1.3. METHODS rNav1.3 was expressed in Xenopus oocyte, with glycosylation inhibition by using tunicamycin. Two-electrode voltage clamp was employed to record the whole-cell sodium current and data were analyzed by Origin software. Those of glycosylated rNav1.3 were kept as(More)
OBJECTIVE The present study was aimed to investigate the pharmacological modulatory effects of ropivacaine, an amide-type local anesthetic, on rat Nav1.2 (rNav1.2) and rNav1.5, the two Na(+) channel isoforms heterologously expressed in Xenopus oocytes and in HEK293t cell line, respectively. METHODS Two-electrode voltage-clamp (TEVC) and whole-cell(More)
BmK I is classified as alpha-like scorpion toxin that specifically binds the voltage-gated sodium channels via receptor site-3. Previous results showed BmK I induced epileptiform responses in rats via intra-hippocampal injection, but the mechanism has yet to be clarified. In this study, using two-electrode voltage/current clamp technique, we determined the(More)
BACKGROUND Resistant hypertension (RH) is a common clinical condition associated with increased cardiovascular mortality and morbidity in older patients. Several factors and conditions interfering with blood pressure (BP) control, such as excess sodium intake, obesity, diabetes, older age, kidney disease, and certain identifiable causes of hypertension are(More)
—This work for the first time estimates the influences of the intrinsic parameter fluctuations consisting of metal gate workfunction fluctuation (WKF), process variation effect (PVE) and random dopant fluctuation (RDF) on 16-nm-gate planar metal-oxide-semiconductor field effect transistors (MOSFETs) and circuits. The WKF and RDF dominate the threshold(More)
Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is one of the most prevalent neoplasms worldwide. While numerous potent dietary insults were considered as oncogenic players for HNSCC development, the impact of metabolic imbalance was less emphasized during HNSCC carcinogenesis. Previous preclinical and epidemiological investigations showed that DM could(More)
The transition from healthy myocardium to hypertensive heart disease is characterized by a series of poorly understood changes in myocardial tissue microstructure. Incremental alterations in the orientation and integrity of myocardial fibers can be assessed using advanced ultrasonic image analysis. We used a modified algorithm to investigate left(More)
BACKGROUND In the past several decades, Polygonum viviparum L. (PV) was reported to have antibacterial, antiulcer, antioxidant, antitumor, anti-inflammatory, and antiarthritic properties. The anti-inflammatory pathway was recently elucidated through cytosolic nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) activation and heme oxygenase (HO)-1 protein expression.(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) on the risk of diabetes mellitus (DM) among patients with upper gastrointestinal disease (UGID). METHODS This was a retrospective cohort study with a follow-up period of 5 years. We identified 388,098 patients who were diagnosed with UGID between 2000 and 2006(More)