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This study investigates the changes of the North Atlantic subtropical high (NASH) and its impact on summer precipitation over the southeastern (SE) United States using the 850-hPa geopotential height field in the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) reanalysis, the 40-yr European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) Re-Analysis(More)
Although the correlation between precipitation over tropical South America and sea surface temperatures (SSTs) over the Pacific and Atlantic has been documented since the early twentieth century, the impact of each ocean on the timing and intensity of the wet season over tropical South America and the underlying mechanisms have remained unclear. Numerical(More)
Skillfully predicting North Atlantic hurricane activity months in advance is of potential societal significance and a useful test of our understanding of the factors controlling hurricane activity. In this paper, a statistical– dynamical hurricane forecasting system, based on a statistical hurricane model, with explicit uncertainty estimates, and built from(More)
CCR4, an evolutionarily conserved member of the CCR4-NOT complex, is the main cytoplasmic deadenylase. It contains a C-terminal nuclease domain with homology to the endonuclease-exonuclease-phosphatase (EEP) family of enzymes. We have determined the high-resolution three-dimensional structure of the nuclease domain of CNOT6L, a human homologue of CCR4, by(More)
A halophilic bacterial consortium that degraded phenanthrene was developed from oil-contaminated saline soil containing 10% salinity. The biodegradation of phenanthrene occurred at 5%, 10%, and 15% salinity, whereas no biodegradation took place at 0.1% and 20% salinity. A 16S rRNA gene analysis showed that all sequences from the denaturing gradient gel(More)
Cytochrome P450 (CYP) enzymes of the CYP101 and CYP111 families from the oligotrophic bacterium Novosphingobium aromaticivorans DSM12444 are heme monooxygenases that receive electrons from NADH via Arx, a [2Fe-2S] ferredoxin, and ArR, a ferredoxin reductase. These systems show fast NADH turnovers (k(cat) = 39-91 s(-1)) that are efficiently coupled to(More)
Chemotaxis receptors in E. coli form clusters at the cell poles and also laterally along the cell body, and this clustering plays an important role in signal transduction. Recently, experiments using fluorescence imaging have shown that, during cell growth, lateral clusters form at positions approximately periodically spaced along the cell body. In this(More)
The amount of litter and its type can affect seedling establishment and species richness in plant communities. However, little is known about the species-specific effects of litter, especially in the presence of a competitor. We conducted a common garden test to examine the combined effects of competition and plant litter from conspecific versus(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Although expandable hepatic progenitors provide renewable cell sources for treatment of hepatic disorders, long-term cultivation of hepatic progenitors may affect proliferation and differentiation abilities, and even initiate the formation of malignant cancer stem cells. This study aims to determine characteristics of primary cultured(More)
Most of the species in the family Planctomycetaceae are of interest for their eukaryotic-like cell structures and characteristics of resistance to extreme environments. Here, we report draft genome sequences of three aquatic parasitic species of this family, Singulisphaera acidiphila (DSM 18658T), Schlesneria paludicola (DSM 18645T), and Zavarzinella(More)