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Glycosylation is a ubiquitous reaction controlling the bioactivity and storage of plant natural products. Glycosylation of small molecules is catalyzed by a superfamily of glycosyltransferases (GTs) in most plant species studied to date. We present crystal structures of the UDP flavonoid/triterpene GT UGT71G1 from Medicago truncatula bound to UDP or(More)
We have previously demonstrated that the 21-residue peptide pMOG(35-55) from myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) contains an antigenic epitope that activates CD8(+) encephalitogenic T cells in C57BL/6 (B6) mice. To identify the core encephalitogenic epitope of CD8(+) MOG-specific T cells, we have prepared a panel of highly purified peptides of varying(More)
PURPOSE The aims of this study were to determine whether IL-17(+) T cells were present in CD4 and CD8 interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein (IRBP)-specific T cells and to determine the role of antigen-specific and nonspecific IL-17(+) T cells in the pathogenesis of experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU). METHODS B6 mice were immunized with(More)
PURPOSE To determine how the activation of γδ T cells affects the generation of uveitogenic αβ T cells and the development of experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU). METHODS γδ T cells were isolated from B6 mice immunized with the uveitogenic peptide IRBP(1-20) and αβ T cells from immunized TCR-δ(-/-) mice. Resting γδ T cells were prepared by culture of(More)
This paper studied how two parties collaboratively built a decision tree on the union of their dataset without revealing privacy when dataset is vertically and horizontally distributed. We gave an algorithm of privacy preserving C4.5 which is applicable to vertically and horizontally partitioned dataset, and also gave the detailed computation method of the(More)
The TAM family of receptors (Tyro3, Axl, and Mertk) plays an important role in the negative regulation of response of dendritic cells (DCs) and macrophages to pathogenic stimuli, and mice lacking this receptor family develop spontaneous lupus-like systemic autoimmunity against a variety of tissues, including retina. To study the molecular mechanism(More)
Abnormal accumulation of soluble amyloid beta (Aβ) is believed to cause malfunction of neurons in Alzheimer's disease (AD). The hippocampus is one of the earliest affected brain regions in AD. However, little effort has been made to investigate the effects of soluble Aβ1-42 oligomers on discharge properties of hippocampal neurons in vivo. This study was(More)
There is little known about the regulation of gene expression during TCR-mediated differentiation of immature CD4+8+ (double positive) thymocytes into mature T cells. Using the DPK CD4+8+ thymocyte precursor cell line, we demonstrate that the early growth response-1 gene (Erg-1), encoding a zinc finger transcription factor, is rapidly upregulated after TCR(More)
PURPOSE The optic nerve is a common site of tissue damage in multiple sclerosis (MS) and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). To determine the relationship between optic neuritis (ON) and EAE, we examined the incidence of ON in C57BL/6 (B6) mice immunized with a myelin oligodendrocyte/glycoprotein (MOG)-derived peptide or injected with(More)
In the current study, we showed that in vivo administration of an anti-CD25 Ab (PC61) decreased the Th17 response in C57BL/6 mice immunized with the uveitogenic peptide interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein, while enhancing the autoreactive Th1 response. The depressed Th17 response was closely associated with decreased numbers of a splenic dendritic(More)