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A central question in the literature on mortgage default is at what point underwater homeowners walk away from their homes even if they can afford to pay. We study borrowers from Arizona, California, Florida, and Nevada who purchased homes in 2006 using non-prime mortgages with 100 percent financing. Almost 80 percent of these borrowers default by the end(More)
The link between taxes and occupational choices is central for understanding the welfare impacts of income taxes. Just as taxes distort the labor-leisure decision, they may also distort the wage-amenity decision. Yet, there have been few studies on the full response along this margin. When tax rates increase, workers favor jobs with lower wages and more(More)
We thank staffs of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve and of the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, participants at the Federal Reserve System applied microeconomics conference, the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Annual Bank Research Conference and seminar participants at Villanova University for valuable comments. The views presented in(More)
The 2000-05 housing market boom in the U.S. has caused sharp increases in residential property taxes. Housing-rich but income-poor elderly homeowners often complain about rising tax burdens, and anecdotal evidence suggests that some move to reduce their tax burden. There has been little systematic analysis, however, of the link between property tax levels(More)
We thank James Coonan, Neil Dutta, Kurt Lunsford and Yi Zhang for research assistance. We also thank Jim Bullard, Menzie Chinn, Morris Davis, Charles Engel, Tim Fuerst, Anil Kashyap, Atif Mian, Rick Mishkin, Karen Pence, Hui Shan, Hyun Shin, John Williams and conference participants for helpful comments and discussions. We would like to extend a very(More)
Gasoline prices influence where households decide to locate by changing the cost of commuting. Consequently, the substantial increase in gas prices since 2003 may have reduced the demand for housing in areas far from employment centers, leading to a decrease in the price and/or quantity of housing in those locations relative to locations closer to jobs.(More)
The extent to which consumers respond to marginal prices for medical care is important for policy. Using recent data and a new censored quantile instrumental variable (CQIV) estimator, I estimate the price elasticity of expenditure on medical care. The CQIV estimator allows the estimates to vary across the skewed expenditure distribution, it allows for(More)
The Taxpayer Relief Act of 1997 (TRA97) significantly changed the tax treatment of housing capital gains in the United States. Before 1997, homeowners were subject to capital gains taxation when they sold their houses unless they purchased replacement homes of equal or greater value. Since 1997, homeowners can exclude capital gains of $500,000 (or $250,000(More)
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