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Alzheimer's disease (AD) is an age-related disorder that involves degeneration of synapses and neurons in brain regions involved in learning and memory processes. Some cases of AD are caused by mutations in presenilin-1 (PS1), an integral membrane protein located in the endoplasmic reticulum. Previous studies have shown that PS1 mutations increase neuronal(More)
Many cases of early-onset inherited Alzheimer's disease (AD) are caused by mutations in the presenilin-1 (PS1) gene. Studies of cultured neural cells suggest that PS1 mutations result in perturbed cellular calcium homeostasis and may thereby render neurons vulnerable to apoptosis. In light of evidence that metabolic impairment plays a role in AD, that(More)
Numerous studies indicate a role for oxidative stress in the neuronal degeneration and cell death that occur during ischemia-reperfusion injury. Recent data suggest that inhibition of the proteasome may be a means by which oxidative stress mediates neuronal cell death. In the current study, the authors demonstrate that there is a time-dependent decrease in(More)
Protein kinase C (PKC) isoforms are increasingly recognized as playing important roles in the regulation of neuronal plasticity and survival. Recent findings from studies of non-neuronal cells suggest that atypical isoforms of PKC can modulate apoptosis in various paradigms. Because increasing data support a role for neuronal apoptosis in the pathogenesis(More)
Nogo-A, oligodendrocyte myelin glycoprotein (OMgp) and myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) are known as myelin-associated proteins that inhibit axon growth by binding a common receptor, the Nogo66 receptor (NgR). In the CNS, Nogo-A, OMgp and MAG are predominantly expressed by oligodendrocytes. As our previous study revealed that oligodendrocyte progenitor(More)
The catalytic subunit of telomerase (TERT) is a specialized reverse transcriptase that has been associated with cell immortalization and cancer. It was reported recently that TERT is expressed in neurons throughout the brain in embryonic and early postnatal development, but is absent from neurons in the adult brain. We now report that suppression of TERT(More)
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