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The CRISPR/Cas9 system is becoming an important genome editing tool for crop breeding. Although it has been demonstrated that target mutations can be transmitted to the next generation, their inheritance pattern has not yet been fully elucidated. Here, we describe the CRISPR/Cas9-mediated genome editing of four different rice genes with the help of online(More)
—The choice of Physical Carrier Sensing (PCS) threshold is key to the trade-off between the amount of spatial reuse and probability of packet collisions in a wireless ad hoc network. In this paper, we present a new analytical approach for optimizing the PCS threshold as measured by probability of packet collisions and the aggregate one-hop throughput. Our(More)
Given two locations s and t in a road network, a distance query returns the minimum network distance from s to t, while a shortest path query computes the actual route that achieves the minimum distance. These two types of queries find important applications in practice, and a plethora of solutions have been proposed in past few decades. The existing(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) experience impaired quality of life (QoL) and psychological distress. Catheter ablation of AF can markedly improve QoL. However, the effect of catheter ablation of AF on psychological status is unknown. HYPOTHESIS Depression, anxiety, and QoL improve after catheter ablation in patients with(More)
WRKY transcription factors are reported to be involved in defense regulation, stress response and plant growth and development. However, the precise role of WRKY transcription factors in abiotic stress tolerance is not completely understood, especially in crops. In this study, we identified and cloned 10 WRKY genes from genome of wheat (Triticum aestivum(More)
Salt is a major environmental stress factor that can affect rice growth and yields. Recent studies suggested that members of the AP2/ERF domain-containing RAV (related to ABI3/VP1) TF family are involved in abiotic stress adaptation. However, the transcriptional response of rice RAV genes (OsRAVs) to salt has not yet been fully characterized. In this study,(More)
Multi-hop ad hoc networks suffer from the "hidden" and "exposed" node problems which diminish aggregate network throughput. While there are various approaches to mitigating these problems, in this work we focus exclusively on the role of physical carrier sensing (PCS). Specifically, tuning the PCS threshold leads to a trade-off between the hidden and(More)
MEK1, which is required for aggregation and chemotaxis in Dictyostelium, is rapidly and transiently SUMOylated in response to chemoattractant stimulation. SUMOylation is required for MEK1's function and its translocation from the nucleus to the cytosol and cortex, including the leading edge of chemotaxing cells. MEK1 in which the site of SUMOylation is(More)
— In high density (HD) mesh networks, packet losses can occur due to co-channel interference (asynchronous interference) or collisions (synchronous interference). In this paper, we first propose a novel method of estimating the probability of collision and interference statistically. Further, we integrate this differentiation method with physical carrier(More)