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As the human life span increases, the number of people suffering from cognitive decline is rising dramatically. The mechanisms underlying age-associated memory impairment are, however, not understood. Here we show that memory disturbances in the aging brain of the mouse are associated with altered hippocampal chromatin plasticity. During learning, aged mice(More)
Rice is the principal food for over half of the population of the world. With its genome size of 430 megabase pairs (Mb), the cultivated rice species Oryza sativa is a model plant for genome research. Here we report the sequence analysis of chromosome 4 of O. sativa, one of the first two rice chromosomes to be sequenced completely. The finished sequence(More)
Populus trichocarpa (poplar) is distinguished from its herbaceous counterparts Arabidopsis and rice by its woody structure, perennial life cycle, and dioecious, two-whorled flowers. MADS-box genes are known to be involved in many important processes during plant development. Investigation of the poplar genome revealed 105 putative functional MADS-box genes(More)
Cystic echinococcosis (hydatid disease), caused by the tapeworm E. granulosus, is responsible for considerable human morbidity and mortality. This cosmopolitan disease is difficult to diagnose, treat and control. We present a draft genomic sequence for the worm comprising 151.6 Mb encoding 11,325 genes. Comparisons with the genome sequences from other taxa(More)
Xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group C and G (XPC, XPG) play important roles in DNA damage repairing machinery. Genetic variations in the XPC and XPG may be associated with increased risk for colorectal carcinoma (CRC). In this study, we evaluated the relation between the XPC Lys939Gln, XPG Asp1104His polymorphisms, and CRC susceptibility in a(More)
As the trends move towards data outsourcing and cloud computing, the efficiency of distributed data centers increases in importance. Cloud-based services such as Amazon's EC2 rely on virtual machines (VMs) to host MapReduce clusters for large data processing. However, current VM scheduling does not provide adequate support for MapReduce workloads, resulting(More)
Studies have documented the potential antitumor activities of oridonin, a compound extracted from medicinal herbs. However, whether oridonin can be used in the selected setting of hematology/oncology remains obscure. Here, we reported that oridonin induced apoptosis of t(8;21) acute myeloid leukemic (AML) cells. Intriguingly, the t(8;21) product AML1-ETO(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are important post-transcriptional regulators which control growth and development in eukaryotes. The cestode Echinococcus granulosus has a complex life-cycle involving different development stages but the mechanisms underpinning this development, including the involvement of miRNAs, remain unknown. Using Illumina next generation(More)
This paper presents a new desynchronization algorithm aimed at providing collision-free transmission scheduling for single-hop and acyclic multi-hop wireless sensor networks. The desynchronization approach is resilient to the hidden terminal problem and topology changes. Each node distributively converges upon a single collision-free transmission slot,(More)
Genetic variants of ABCB1 gene contributed to cancer susceptibility and interindividual differences in chemotherapy response. Therefore, we investigated the relevance between genetic variations in ABCB1 gene and both risk and clinical outcomes of breast carcinoma. A case–control study was performed on the SNPs C3435T, C1236T and G2677T/A in 1,173 Chinese(More)