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To the Editor: Pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) diseases share clinical signs with tuberculosis (TB), causing a clinical dilemma with regard to therapy for patients with these diseases (1). In the past 30 years (post-AIDS era), NTM have increasingly been associated with pulmonary diseases in humans (2). Recent studies in urban areas of the(More)
To estimate the prevalence of extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR TB) in China, we retrospectively analyzed drug-resistance profiles of 989 clinical Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates. We found 319 (32.3%) isolates resistant to ≥1 first-line drugs; 107 (10.8%) isolates were multidrug resistant, of which 20 (18.7%) were XDR. XDR TB is of major(More)
BACKGROUND Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) infection is an emerging, but neglected public health concern in China. FINDINGS To investigate diagnostic delay of NTM diseases in China, we analyzed 91 patients with pulmonary NTM infection in ShandongProvince. The median diagnostic delay time of the analyzed patients was 84 days, which was significantly(More)
New diagnostic methods have provided a promising solution for rapid and reliable detection of drug-resistant TB strains. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of the MeltPro TB assay in identifying multidrug-resistant (MDR-) and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (XDR-TB) patients from sputum samples. The MeltPro TB assay was evaluated(More)
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