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As one of the most widely implemented standards for wireless networks, IEEE 802.15.4 defines physical and MAC specifications for low data rate wireless personal area networks (WPANs). To accurately analyze the performance of slotted CSMA/CA (SCSMA) algorithms for saturated uplink traffic with acknowledgement (ACK) and non-ACK modes, we adopt an embedded(More)
The crystal structure of profactor D, determined at 2.1 A resolution with an Rfree and an R-factor of 25.1 and 20.4%, respectively, displays highly flexible or disordered conformation for five regions: N-22, 71-76, 143-152, 187-193 and 215-223. A comparison with the structure of its mature serine protease, complement factor D, revealed major conformational(More)
Yersinia enterocolitica (1,295 strains) was isolated from diarrhea patients, livestock, poultry, wild animals, insect vectors, food, and the environment. They were studied for epidemiology distribution using bacterial biochemical metabolism tests, their virulence genes, and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) sub-typing. The data showed that 416 of the(More)
As one of the most widely investigated topology control mechanisms of wireless sensor networks (WSNs), the clustering algorithm provides energy efficient communications by reducing transmission overhead and enhancing transmission reliability. Through the previous forms of noncooperative games, the behavior of each sensor node (SN) is individual in WSNs;(More)
All-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) has been successfully used in differentiation therapy for acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) in the clinic. ATRA-induced differentiation of leukemia cells is accompanied by a G0/G1 arrest, yet how ATRA couples cell cycle arrest to differentiation remains largely unknown. Here we observed that the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury may influence graft function after transplantation. Erythropoietin (EPO) attenuates I/R injury in various animal organs such as intestine, brain, and kidney. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of pretreatment with recombinant human EPO (rhEPO) on I/R-induced heart injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS A rat model of(More)
To the Editor: Pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) diseases share clinical signs with tuberculosis (TB), causing a clinical dilemma with regard to therapy for patients with these diseases (1). In the past 30 years (post-AIDS era), NTM have increasingly been associated with pulmonary diseases in humans (2). Recent studies in urban areas of the(More)
We propose an experimental scheme to create spin-orbit coupling in spin-3 Cr atoms using Raman processes. By employing the linear Zeeman effect and optical Stark shift, two spin states within the ground electronic manifold are selected, which results in a pseudospin-1/2 model. We further study the ground state structures of a spin-orbit-coupled Cr(More)
The number and mass concentration, size distribution, and the concentration of 16 elements were studied in aerosol samples during the Spring Festival celebrations in 2013 in Beijing, China. Both the number and mass concentration increased sharply in a wide range from 10 nm to 10 μm during the firecrackers and fireworks activities. The prominent increase of(More)