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Aip3p/Bud6p is a regulator of cell and cytoskeletal polarity in Saccharomyces cerevisiae that was previously identified as an actin-interacting protein. Actin-interacting protein 3 (Aip3p) localizes at the cell cortex where cytoskeleton assembly must be achieved to execute polarized cell growth, and deletion of AIP3 causes gross defects in cell and(More)
During meiosis, homologues become juxtaposed and synapsed along their entire length. Mutations in the cohesin complex disrupt not only sister chromatid cohesion but also homologue pairing and synaptonemal complex formation. In this study, we report that Pds5, a cohesin-associated protein known to regulate sister chromatid cohesion, is required for homologue(More)
Vern Twombly1, Ronald K. Blackman2, Hui Jin2, Jonathan M. Graff1, Richard W. Padgett3 and William. M. Gelbart1 1Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA 2Department of Cell and Structural Biology, 505 S. Goodwin Avenue, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA 3Waksman Institute and Department of(More)
In budding yeast, the microtubule-organizing center is called the spindle pole body (SPB) and shares structural components with the centriole, the central core of the animal centrosome. During meiotic interphase I, the SPB is duplicated when DNA replication takes place. Duplicated SPBs are linked and then separate to form a bipolar spindle required for(More)
Aip3p is an actin-interacting protein that regulates cell polarity in budding yeast. The Schizosaccharomyces pombe-sequencing project recently led to the identification of a homologue of Aip3p that we have named spAip3p. Our results confirm that spAip3p is a true functional homologue of Aip3p. When expressed in budding yeast, spAip3p localizes similarly to(More)
Centrosomes are microtubule-organizing centers that nucleate spindle microtubules during cell division. In budding yeast, the centrosome, often referred to as the spindle pole body, shares structural components with the centriole, the central core of the animal centrosome. The parental centrosome is duplicated when DNA replication takes place. Like sister(More)
Yeast centrosomes (called spindle pole bodies [SPBs]) remain cohesive for hours during meiotic G2 when recombination takes place. In contrast, SPBs separate within minutes after duplication in vegetative cells. We report here that Ndj1, a previously known meiosis-specific telomere-associated protein, is required for protecting SPB cohesion. Ndj1 localizes(More)
This paper presents a neural network adaptive PID controller for speed sensorless field-oriented control of induction motor. By measuring the phase voltages and currents in induction motor(IM) drive, the multi-step predictive control, neural networks based rotor flux components and speed identification method for IM are used. The proposed neural network(More)
A prerequisite for determination of chromosome dynamics in live cells is development of a method for staining or marking the chromosome of interest. We describe here a unique chromosome-tracking system that differentially marks two large chromosome segments from homologs in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Using yeast genetics and the special(More)
To tether sister chromatids, a protein-loading complex, including Scc2, recruits cohesin to the chromosome at discrete loci. Cohesin facilitates the formation of a higher-order chromosome structure that could also influence gene expression. How cohesin directly regulates transcription remains to be further elucidated. We report that in budding yeast Scc2 is(More)