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Osterix is a novel zinc finger-containing transcription factor that is essential for osteoblast differentiation and bone formation. We hypothesized that osterix might have a role in osteosarcoma tumor growth and metastasis. Northern blot analysis showed that the mRNA level of osterix was decreased in two mouse osteosarcoma cell lines compared with its level(More)
BACKGROUND The current International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) grade in endometrial carcinomas requires the evaluation of histologic features with proven prognostic value but with questionable reproducibility. This study tests the prognostic power and reproducibility of a new binary grading system. STUDY DESIGN Specimens from 254(More)
BACKGROUND This study evaluated the therapeutic efficacy of interleukin 12 (IL-12) gene therapy in Ewing sarcoma and whether murine mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) could serve as vehicles for IL-12 gene delivery. METHODS MSCs were isolated from murine bone marrow cells. Cells were phenotyped using flow cytometry. Cultured MSCs differentiated into osteocytes(More)
Angiogenesis plays an essential role in tumor growth and metastasis and is a promising therapeutic target for cancer. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a key regulator in vasculogenesis as well as in angiogenesis. TC71 human Ewing's sarcoma cells overexpress VEGF, with a shift in isoform production from membrane-bound VEGF189 to the more soluble(More)
Upon T cell activation, IkappaB kinases (IKKs) are transiently recruited to the plasma membrane-associated lipid raft microdomains for activation of NF-kappaB in promoting T cell proliferation. Retroviral Tax proteins from human T cell leukemia virus type 1 and type 2 (HTLV-1 and -2) are capable of activating IKK, yet only HTLV-1 infection causes T cell(More)
BACKGROUND Zoledronic acid has been shown to be effective in the treatment of osteoporosis, hypercalcemia, and metastatic bone tumors. The efficacy of zoledronic acid on primary bone tumors has not been investigated. METHODS A primary bone tumor mouse model was established. Intratibia injection of TC71 cells resulted in an osteolytic bone tumor. Four days(More)
Src family tyrosine kinases (SFK) play an important role in growth and metastasis of many types of human malignancies. However, their significance in Ewing's sarcoma remains to be elucidated. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the role of Lyn, one member of the SFK, in Ewing's sarcoma growth and metastasis and to determine whether a SFK inhibitor can(More)
Low expression of Fas by different tumors including osteosarcoma, correlates with poor prognosis. We found that osteosarcoma lung metastases from patients expressed negligible amounts of Fas, but primary tumors often expressed high Fas levels. The reason for this discrepancy is unknown. We hypothesized that because FasL is constitutively expressed in the(More)
We assessed vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression in four different human Ewing's sarcoma cell lines (TC71, SK-ES, RD, and A4573) and in tumors in nude mice induced following s.c. injection of TC71 cells. Three of the four cell lines (TC71, SK-ES, and A4573) expressed significantly higher levels of VEGF than did normal human osteoblasts.(More)
Intraductal tubulopapillary neoplasm (ITPN) is a rare primary pancreatic neoplasm accounting for less than 1% of all pancreatic exocrine neoplasms and 3% of intraductal neoplasms of the pancreas. Data on this entity are still limited. Here, we report a case of ITPN with cytopathologic and histopathologic findings. A 41-year-old woman with a 2.2 cm cyst in(More)