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We have previously demonstrated that the 21-residue peptide pMOG(35-55) from myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (MOG) contains an antigenic epitope that activates CD8(+) encephalitogenic T cells in C57BL/6 (B6) mice. To identify the core encephalitogenic epitope of CD8(+) MOG-specific T cells, we have prepared a panel of highly purified peptides of varying(More)
Activation of the RB1 pathway triggers the cell-cycle arrest that mediates cell-cell contact inhibition. Accordingly, mutation of all three RB1 family members leads to loss of contact inhibition and outgrowth of fibroblasts into spheres where cell-cell contacts predominate. We present evidence that such outgrowth triggers reprogramming to generate cells(More)
PURPOSE The optic nerve is a common site of tissue damage in multiple sclerosis (MS) and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). To determine the relationship between optic neuritis (ON) and EAE, we examined the incidence of ON in C57BL/6 (B6) mice immunized with a myelin oligodendrocyte/glycoprotein (MOG)-derived peptide or injected with(More)
PURPOSE The aims of this study were to determine whether IL-17(+) T cells were present in CD4 and CD8 interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein (IRBP)-specific T cells and to determine the role of antigen-specific and nonspecific IL-17(+) T cells in the pathogenesis of experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU). METHODS B6 mice were immunized with(More)
Previous studies have shown that IL-17 is a strong proinflammatory cytokine and that IL-17-producing autoreactive T cells play a major role in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases. In a previous study, we showed that injection of experimental autoimmune uveitis-susceptible mice with anti-IL-17 Abs blocked subsequent disease development. To determine(More)
We show that in vitro activation of interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein (IRBP)-specific T cells from C57BL/6 mice immunized with an uveitogenic IRBP peptide (IRBP(1-20)) under TH17-polarizing conditions is associated with increased expansion of T cells expressing the gammadelta TCR. We also show that highly purified alphabeta or gammadelta T cells(More)
PURPOSE Results in previous reports have demonstrated that immunization of the EAU-prone B6 mouse activates both CD4 and CD8 IRBP-specific T cells. The purpose of this study was to investigate structural and functional differences between CD4 and CD8 autoreactive T cells activated by the uveitogenic peptide. METHODS Purified CD4 and CD8 isolated from B6(More)
We have previously reported that IL-17(+) interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein (IRBP) 161-180-specific T cells have a strong pathogenic effect in experimental autoimmune uveitis (EAU) induced in B10RIII mice; however, this pathogenic activity is not solely attributable to the major cytokine, IL-17, produced by these cells. To determine whether other(More)
Although human and bovine gammadelta T cells were shown to express MHC class II antigen and function as APCs, attempts to determine if mouse gammabeta T cells have similar functions remained unsuccessful. We now show that gammadelta T cells derived from immunized mice also can be induced to express MHC class II and co-stimulatory molecules after activation(More)
PURPOSE This study was designed to generate an inducible autoimmune model of keratoconjunctivitis sicca (KCS) for study of pathogenesis of the disease. METHODS Lewis rats were immunized with a mixture of lacrimal and salivary gland extract or recombinant mouse protein kallikrein 1b22 (Klk1b22) emulsified in complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA). For disease(More)