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BACKGROUND Dopamine agonists have been used as first-line treatments for patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) during its early stage, and several impulse control disorder (ICD) behaviors have been reported to be associated with their use. OBJECTIVE To investigate the association between ICD behaviors and the use of agonists in Chinese patients with PD(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Hepatic steatosis is commonly seen in chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients. It has been reported to be associated with both metabolic factors and viral factors, and affects the severity of fibrosis in CHC. However, the relationship between hepatic steatosis and chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is unclear. The aims of this study were to(More)
BACKGROUND To date, no report has discussed endoscopic thyroidectomy using the oral vestibular approach (ETOVA). The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility, safety, efficacy, and cosmetic results of endoscopic thyroidectomy involving this surgical approach. METHODS Twenty-four patients with benign thyroid nodules were randomized into the(More)
AIM To evaluate the diagnostic value of glypican-3 (GPC3) in serum and liver for primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS Serum levels of GPC3 and α-fetoprotein (AFP) were measured in 75 patients with primary HCC and 32 patients with liver cirrhosis. Expression of GPC3 and AFP in 58 HCC and 12 cirrhotic specimens was detected with(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the potential association between serum folate levels and colorectal adenoma (CRA) occurrence and recurrence. METHODS This prospective study measured baseline serum folate levels in outpatients who were screened for CRA using colonoscopy. Participants were then randomly selected to produce one group with CRA and one without CRA.(More)
The first natural S-containing benzophenone dimer, named guignasulfide (3), was isolated from the culture of Guignardia sp. IFB-E028, an endophytic fungus residing in healthy leaves of Hopea hainanensis. Its structure was determined through correlative analyses of its MS, 1D- and 2D-NMR spectroscopic data. Two other known benzophenone derivatives,(More)
Doxorubicin (DOX) is currently used in cancer chemotherapy to treat many tumors and shows improved delivery, reduced toxicity and higher treatment efficacy when being part of nanoscale delivery systems. However, a major drawback remains its toxicity to healthy tissue and the development of multi-drug resistance during prolonged treatment. This is why in our(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to identify a biomarker useful in the diagnosis and therapy of ovarian malignant germ cell tumor (OMGCT). METHODS The karyopherin 2 (KPNA2) expression in OMGCT and normal ovarian tissue was determined by standard gene microarray assays, and further validated by a quantitative RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry. The(More)
Treatment options for triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) are generally limited to cytotoxic chemotherapy. Recently, anti-epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) therapy has been introduced for TNBC patients. We engineered a novel nanobioconjugate based on a poly(β-L-malic acid) (PMLA) nanoplatform for TNBC treatment. The nanobioconjugate carries(More)
Recent studies have reported that induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells from mice and humans can differentiate into primordial germ cells. However, whether iPS cells are capable of producing male germ cells is not known. The objective of this study was to investigate the differentiation potential of mouse iPS cells into spermatogonial stem cells and(More)