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Endothelial integrins play an essential role in angiogenesis and cell survival. Accutin, a new member of disintegrin family derived from venom of Agkistrodon acutus, potently inhibited human platelet aggregation caused by various agonists (eg, thrombin, collagen, and, adenosine diphosphate [ADP]) through the blockade of fibrinogen binding to platelet(More)
Angiogenesis is a complex process regulated by the interactions of endothelial cells with cytokines and the adhesive protein matrix. The cytokines basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) are two of the modulators of angiogenesis. One mechanism by which these cytokines induce their effects may be through the(More)
Multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK) is the most common renal cystic disease in infancy and the second most common neonatal abdominal mass. It represents an extreme form of renal dysplasia. The key features in MCDK include variability in size, loss of kidney shape, absence of function and obstruction of ureter. Current management is still controversial. The(More)
A potent platelet glycoprotein Ib (GPIb) antagonist, crotalin, with a molecular weight of 30 kD was purified from the snake venom of Crotalus atrox. Crotalin specifically and dose dependently inhibited aggregation of human washed platelets induced by ristocetin with IC50 of 2.4 microg/mL (83 nmol/L). It was also active in inhibiting ristocetin-induced(More)
Interaction of fibrinogen with its receptors (glycoprotein IIb/IIIa complex) on platelet membranes leads to platelet aggregation. By means of gel filtration, CM-Sephadex C-50, and reverse-phase HPLC, an antiplatelet peptide, gabonin, was purified from the venom of Bitis gabonica. The purified protein migrates as a 21,100-Da polypeptide on sodium dodecyl(More)
A potent platelet aggregation inhibitor in the venom of Crotalus viridis snake was purified to homogeneity by gel filtration chromatography and reverse phase high-performance liquid chromatography. This purified principle, named crotavirin, is a single-chain polypeptide with a mol. wt of 9200 as estimated by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. It(More)
Angiogenesis consists of the proliferation, migration, and differentiation of endothelial cells, although angiogenic factor and integrin-extracellular matrix interaction modulate this process. We report here that a snake venom-derived disintegrin, rhodostomin, inhibited distinct steps in angiogenesis elicited by basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), and(More)
We report the case of a 6-y-old boy with actinomycosis, presenting as xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP), hepatic pseudotumor and abdominal abscess. Symptoms included intermittent fever, abdominal pain and significant weight loss. Hepatic and renal tumor masses were suspected on sonography and computerized tomography. XGP and actinomycosis were proven(More)
A new short-chain disintegrin, accutin, was purified from the Formosan Agkistrodon acutus venom by using of gel filtration, ion exchanger and reverse phase HPLC. The homogeneous protein is a 47-residue polypeptide with a molecular mass of 5241 Da containing an Arg-Gly-Asp sequence and seven cysteinyl residues at positions highly homologous to other(More)
Three cases are presented in which the recognized syndrome of functional small bowel obstruction with malrotation and short small bowel was diagnosed. Each patient underwent an exploratory laparotomy for intestinal obstruction, which revealed short small intestines with malrotation, measuring 30 cm to 39 cm. Ladd's procedure was performed in each case and(More)