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Stimulation of cardiac sympathetic afferents evokes excitatory cardiovascular reflexes. However, the exact regions in the brain that integrate these reflexes have not been identified. Expression of c-Fos in the neurons provides a useful marker of the activated neurons. In the present study, we examined the response of c-Fos within the medulla of the cat to(More)
Signaling pathways of IGF-I and insulin receptors play important roles in the regulation of myocardial function. FOXO1 is a member of the forkhead transcriptional factor family, but how insulin and IGF-I receptor signaling regulate FOXO1 in cardiomyocytes is not well understood. This study was carried out to elucidate how IGF-I and insulin receptor(More)
Cardiac toxicity remains a serious yet unsolved complication of doxorubicin. This study was designed to examine whether doxycycline, a tetracycline-derived synthetic antibiotic with potential cytoprotective properties, could ameliorate this complication of doxorubicin. Male mice at 4-week of age were administrated with vehicle, doxorubicin (3mg/kg(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF 1) suppresses myocardial apoptosis and improves myocardial function in experimental models of cardiomyopathy. Apoptosis is triggered by mitochondria dysfunction and subsequent activation of caspases. We had previously shown that IGF 1 inhibited cardiomyocyte apoptosis via suppression of caspase, however, how IGF 1 and its(More)
A 58-year-old man with acute type B aortic dissection presented with right lower limb cyanosis, mesenteric ischemia, and acute renal failure. He was treated with extraanatomic right axillofemoral bypass surgery alone, recovered completely from renal, mesenteric, and lower extremity malperfusion shortly thereafter, and lived free of symptoms for the(More)
Spermatogenic cells constitute one of the body tissues that are susceptible to doxorubicin-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis. To explore whether doxorubicin toxicity to these male germ cells could be prevented by adjuvant medication, this study was designed to examine the possible ameliorating action of doxycycline, an antibiotic with anti-oxidant(More)
AIMS The objective of this study was to investigate whether a cytoprotective herb-derived agent, Ginkgo biloba extract (EGb) 761, could have a beneficial effect on doxorubicin-induced cardiac toxicity in vitro and in vivo. METHODS AND RESULTS Primary cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes were treated with the vehicle, doxorubicin (1 microM), EGb761 (25(More)
Optimal endovascular therapy for isolated superior mesenteric artery (SMA) dissection remains undetermined. Here, we report a 56-year-old male with ischemic bowel syndrome caused by such a serious vascular disease. He was treated with endovascular true lumen stenting yet got aggravated in bowel ischemia from unexpected jail of major intestinal branches(More)
The 70 kDa heat shock protein family plays important cardiac protective roles against myocardial injuries. Reduced myocardial protection is a common feature of diabetic myocardium. This study was carried out to define the changes in the 70 kDa heat shock protein family in the myocardium in the of streptozotocin-diabetes rats, and to explore the mechanisms(More)
Whether percutaneous balloon commissurotomy reduces cerebral stroke in patients with symptomatic rheumatic mitral stenosis remains obscure. This study enrolled 170 such patients undergoing either medical therapy alone (n=71) or balloon commissurotomy (n=99). In the short term, balloon commissurotomy was successfully accomplished in 99% patients without(More)