Hugues de Rocquigny

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Retroviruses are a family of widespread small animal viruses about 110 nm in diameter, composed of an inner core surrounded by an outer envelope formed of a lipid bilayer of cellular origin in which are anchored viral glycoproteins. The inner core is formed by an outer shell of capsid protein molecules (CA protein) surrounding the dimeric RNA genome in(More)
The nucleocapsid (NC) of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 consists of a large number of NC protein molecules, probably wrapping the dimeric RNA genome within the virion inner core. NC protein is a gag-encoded product that contains two zinc fingers flanked by basic residues. In human immunodeficiency virus type 1 virions, NCp15 is ultimately processed(More)
Nucleocapsid protein 7 (NCp7), the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) nucleocapsid protein, was shown to strongly potentiate the dimerization of the retroviral genomic RNA. This process involves the interaction of two retroviral RNA monomer subunits near their 5'-ends. A region located upstream from the splice donor site was recently identified as(More)
The nucleocapsid protein NCp7 of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 contains two zinc fingers of the CX2CX4HX4C type, flanked by several basic residues, and plays a major role in viral infectivity. Thus, NCp7 was shown to promote annealing of the tRNA3Lys to the primer binding site, a key step in reverse transcription. However, previous in vitro(More)
Retroviral reverse transcription starts near the 5' end of unspliced viral RNA at a sequence called the primer binding site (PBS), where the tRNA primer anneals to the RNA template for initiation of DNA synthesis. We have investigated the roles of NCp7 in annealing of primer tRNA(Lys3) to the PBS and in reverse transcriptase (RT) activity, using a cell-free(More)
Conversion of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) genomic RNA into the proviral DNA by reverse transcriptase involves two obligatory strand transfers that are chaperoned by the nucleocapsid protein (NC). The second strand transfer relies on the annealing of the (-) and (+) copies of the primer binding site, (-)PBS and (+) PBS, which fold into(More)
The nucleocapsid protein NCp7, which is the major genomic RNA binding protein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1, plays an important role in several key steps of the viral life cycle. Many of the NCp7 activities, notably the nucleic acid annealing and the genomic RNA wrapping ones, are thought to be linked to a nonspecific binding of NCp7 to its nucleic(More)
We investigated the production efficiency and the gene transfer capacity in the central nervous system of HIV-1-based vectors pseudotyped with either the G protein of the Mokola lyssaviruses (MK-G), a neurotropic virus causing rabies disease, or the vesiculo-stomatitis G protein (VSV-G). Both envelopes induced syncitia in cell cultures. They were(More)
The nucleocapsid protein (NC) of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is formed of two highly conserved CCHC zinc fingers flanked by small basic domains. NC is required for the two obligatory strand transfers in viral DNA synthesis through its nucleic acid chaperoning properties. The first DNA strand transfer relies on NC's ability to bind and(More)
The nucleocapsid protein NCp7 of HIV-1 Mal contains two successive Zn knuckles of the CX2CX4HX4C type and plays a major role in virion morphogenesis, genomic RNA packaging and viral infectivity, mainly through single-stranded nucleic acid binding. We report here the study by 1H 2D NMR of the complex formed between the (12-53)NCp7, encompassing the two Zn(More)