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Sea anemone venom is known to contain toxins that are active on voltage-sensitive Na+ channels, as well as on delayed rectifier K+ channels belonging to the Kv1 family. This report describes the properties of a new set of peptides from Anemonia sulcata that act as blockers of a specific member of the Kv3 potassium channel family. These toxins, blood(More)
This paper describes the purification, sequence, and biological properties of a 38-amino acid residue peptide from the venom of Dendroaspis angusticeps which shared important sequence homologies with natriuretic peptides. Dendroaspis natriuretic peptide (DNP) relaxed aortic strips that had been contracted by 40 mM KCl with a potency (K0.5 = 20 nM) similar(More)
The solution structure of mamba intestinal toxin 1 (MIT1), isolated from Dendroaspis polylepis polylepis venom, has been determined. This molecule is a cysteine-rich polypeptide exhibiting no recognised family membership. Resistance to MIT1 to classical specific endoproteases produced contradictory NMR and biochemical information concerning(More)
Eight different polypeptide toxins from sea anemones of four different origins (Anemonia sulcata, Anthopleura xanthogrammica, Stoichactis giganteus, and Actinodendron plumosum) have been studied. Three of these toxins are new; the purification procedure for the five other ones has been improved. Sea anemone toxins were assayed (i) for their toxicity to(More)
Mamba intestinal toxin (MIT(1)) isolated from Dendroaspis polylepis venom is a 81 amino acid polypeptide cross-linked by five disulphide bridges. MIT(1) has a very potent action on guinea-pig intestinal contractility. MIT(1) (1 nM) potently contracts longitudinal ileal muscle and distal colon, and this contraction is equivalent to that of 40 mM K(+).(More)
The Cys30-Cus34 bridge present in all long neutotoxins (71-74 amino acids, 5 disulfide bridges), but not in short toxins (60-63 amino acids, 4 disulfide bridges), is exposed at the surface since it can be reduced rapidly and selectively by sodium borohydride. Reduction and alkylation of the Cys30-Cys34 bridge of Naja haje neurotoxin III hardly alter the(More)
Leiurotoxin I (scyllatoxin) is a 31-amino acid polypeptide from the venom of the scorpion Leiurus quinquestriatus hebraeus which has been previously isolated and sequenced by others. This paper reports (i) the total synthesis of this scorpion neurotoxin as well as some aspects of its structure-function relationships; (ii) the synthesis of the analog(More)
  • H Schweitz
  • 1984
The lethal potency of 29 toxins from scorpion, sea anemone, snake and bee venoms was studied. Lethality following intracisternal injection of these toxins is considerably higher than following i.p. injection (except for the snake neurotoxins). This is of practical interest in the determination of the concentration of active toxins in a solution when only(More)
This paper describes the interaction of several polypeptide neurotoxins isolated from sea anemone toxins and scorpion venom with the tetrodotoxin-resistant Na+ channel of rat cardiac cells. The 22Na+ flux and tension development were measured to examine in parallel the cardiotonic and cardiotoxic effects of these polypeptides. Inotropic effects and(More)