Hugues Schweitz

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Sea anemone venom is known to contain toxins that are active on voltage-sensitive Na+ channels, as well as on delayed rectifier K+ channels belonging to the Kv1 family. This report describes the properties of a new set of peptides from Anemonia sulcata that act as blockers of a specific member of the Kv3 potassium channel family. These toxins, blood(More)
This paper describes the purification, sequence, and biological properties of a 38-amino acid residue peptide from the venom of Dendroaspis angusticeps which shared important sequence homologies with natriuretic peptides. Dendroaspis natriuretic peptide (DNP) relaxed aortic strips that had been contracted by 40 mM KCl with a potency (K0.5 = 20 nM) similar(More)
New peptides have been isolated from the sea anemone Anemonia sulcata which inhibit competitively the binding of 125I-dendrotoxin I (a classical ligand for K+ channel) to rat brain membranes and behave as blockers of voltage-sensitive K+ channels. Sea anemone kalicludines are 58-59-amino acid peptides cross-linked with three disulfide bridges. They are(More)
Calcicludine (CaC) is a 60-amino acid polypeptide from the venom of Dendroaspis angusticeps. It is structurally homologous to the Kunitz-type protease inhibitor, to dendrotoxins, which block K+ channels, and to the protease inhibitor domain of the amyloid beta protein that accumulates in Alzheimer disease. Voltage-clamp experiments on a variety of excitable(More)
Leiurotoxin I (scyllatoxin) is a 31-amino acid polypeptide from the venom of the scorpion Leiurus quinquestriatus hebraeus which has been previously isolated and sequenced by others. This paper reports (i) the total synthesis of this scorpion neurotoxin as well as some aspects of its structure-function relationships; (ii) the synthesis of the analog(More)
The venom of the black mamba contains a 60-amino acid peptide called calciseptine. The peptide has been fully sequenced. It is a smooth muscle relaxant and an inhibitor of cardiac contractions. Its physiological action resembles that of drugs, such as the 1,4-dihydropyridines, which are important in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Calciseptine,(More)
The Cys30-Cus34 bridge present in all long neutotoxins (71-74 amino acids, 5 disulfide bridges), but not in short toxins (60-63 amino acids, 4 disulfide bridges), is exposed at the surface since it can be reduced rapidly and selectively by sodium borohydride. Reduction and alkylation of the Cys30-Cys34 bridge of Naja haje neurotoxin III hardly alter the(More)
The lethal potency of 29 toxins from scorpion, sea anemone, snake and bee venoms was studied. Lethality following intracisternal injection of these toxins is considerably higher than following i.p. injection (except for the snake neurotoxins). This is of practical interest in the determination of the concentration of active toxins in a solution when only(More)
The solution structure of mamba intestinal toxin 1 (MIT1), isolated from Dendroaspis polylepis polylepis venom, has been determined. This molecule is a cysteine-rich polypeptide exhibiting no recognised family membership. Resistance to MIT1 to classical specific endoproteases produced contradictory NMR and biochemical information concerning(More)
This paper reports the purification of 28 different peptides from the venom of the snake Dendroaspis polylepis. These peptides represent 99% of the total peptide fraction in the venom. The 14 most cationic peptides form a structurally and functionally homogeneous group of analogs of the most abundant dendrotoxin toxin I (DTXI). They recognize antibodies(More)