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OBJECTIVES The effectiveness of hearing protection devices (HPDs), when used in workplace conditions, has been shown over the years to be usually lower than the labeled values obtained under well-controlled laboratory conditions. Causes for such discrepancies have been listed and discussed by many authors. This study is an attempt to understand the issues(More)
The modeling of the diffuse field sound transmission loss (TL) of apertures has been rarely considered in the literature. The aims of this paper are (i) to give a comprehensive review of the existing models, (ii) to propose a general efficient and rigorous numerical method to predict the diffuse field TL of apertures of rectangular and circular cross(More)
A technology of backup alarms based on the use of a broadband signal has recently gained popularity in many countries. In this study, the performance of this broadband technology is compared to that of a conventional tonal alarm and a multi-tone alarm from a worker-safety standpoint. Field measurements of sound pressure level patterns behind heavy vehicles(More)
Enclosures are commonly used to reduce the sound exposure of workers to the noise radiated by machinery. Some acoustic predictive tools ranging from simple analytical tools to sophisticated numerical deterministic models are available to estimate the enclosure acoustical performance. However, simple analytical models are usually valid in limited frequency(More)
Among noise control techniques, enclosures are widely used. It is known that enclosure acoustic efficiency is strongly influenced by the presence of openings or leaks. Modeling of diffuse field sound transmission loss (TL) of apertures and slits is therefore critical when the enclosure acoustic performance characteristics need to be predicted with(More)
The sound transmission loss (STL) of a test sample measured in sound transmission facilities is affected by the opening in which it is located. This is called the niche effect. This paper uses a modal approach to study the STL of a rectangular plate with or without an attached porous material located inside a box-shaped niche. The porous material is modeled(More)
With the increase popularity of individual fit testing and miniaturization of electronic components, the Field-Microphone-In-Real-Ear approach (F-MIRE) is becoming more appealing and well suited for estimating hearing protection devices (HPD) attenuation both in laboratory and in "real world" occupational conditions. The approach utilizes two miniature(More)
The most commonly used methods to measure hearing protectors attenuation can be divided into two categories: psychoacoustical (subjective) and physical (objective) methods. In order to better understand the relationship between these methods, this article presents various factors relating attenuation values obtained with these methods through a series of(More)
Noise exposure in the workplace is a common reality in Québec, Canada as it is elsewhere. However, the extent to which noise acts as a causal or contributive factor in industrial work-related accidents has not been studied thoroughly despite its plausibility. This article aims to describe the importance or potential importance, during investigations looking(More)
Industrial workers are exposed to noise levels that could damage their hearing. The FieldMIRE (FMIRE) method has been developed to quantify earplug and earmuff attenuations with two microphones located under and outside of the HPD. This technique has been designed to be used in the field, but doesn't give a direct access to the noise exposure level, that(More)
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