Hugues Nélisse

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The modeling of the diffuse field sound transmission loss (TL) of apertures has been rarely considered in the literature. The aims of this paper are (i) to give a comprehensive review of the existing models, (ii) to propose a general efficient and rigorous numerical method to predict the diffuse field TL of apertures of rectangular and circular cross(More)
OBJECTIVES The effectiveness of hearing protection devices (HPDs), when used in workplace conditions, has been shown over the years to be usually lower than the labeled values obtained under well-controlled laboratory conditions. Causes for such discrepancies have been listed and discussed by many authors. This study is an attempt to understand the issues(More)
A technology of backup alarms based on the use of a broadband signal has recently gained popularity in many countries. In this study, the performance of this broadband technology is compared to that of a conventional tonal alarm and a multi-tone alarm from a worker-safety standpoint. Field measurements of sound pressure level patterns behind heavy vehicles(More)
Individual hearing protection is a short term solution frequently used to protect workers against noise exposure. This work is part of a larger research program on the evaluation of real world attenuation of hearing protection devices (HPD) such as earplugs and earmuffs. Its objective is to develop a Finite Element (FE) model to predict both the airborne(More)
Industrial workers are exposed to noise levels that could damage their hearing. The FieldMIRE (FMIRE) method has been developed to quantify earplug and earmuff attenuations with two microphones located under and outside of the HPD. This technique has been designed to be used in the field, but doesn't give a direct access to the noise exposure level, that(More)
Enclosures are commonly used to reduce the sound exposure of workers to the noise radiated by machinery. Some acoustic predictive tools ranging from simple analytical tools to sophisticated numerical deterministic models are available to estimate the enclosure acoustical performance. However, simple analytical models are usually valid in limited frequency(More)
Among noise control techniques, enclosures are widely used. It is known that enclosure acoustic efficiency is strongly influenced by the presence of openings or leaks. Modeling of diffuse field sound transmission loss (TL) of apertures and slits is therefore critical when the enclosure acoustic performance characteristics need to be predicted with(More)
The most commonly used methods to measure hearing protectors attenuation can be divided into two categories: psychoacoustical (subjective) and physical (objective) methods. In order to better understand the relationship between these methods, this article presents various factors relating attenuation values obtained with these methods through a series of(More)
With the increase popularity of individual fit testing and miniaturization of electronic components, the Field-Microphone-In-Real-Ear approach (F-MIRE) is becoming more appealing and well suited for estimating hearing protection devices (HPD) attenuation both in laboratory and in "real world" occupational conditions. The approach utilizes two miniature(More)
The sound transmission loss (STL) of a test sample measured in sound transmission facilities is affected by the opening in which it is located. This is called the niche effect. This paper uses a modal approach to study the STL of a rectangular plate with or without an attached porous material located inside a box-shaped niche. The porous material is modeled(More)