Hugues J-P Ryser

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The cell surface of mammalian cells is capable of reductively cleaving disulfide bonds of exogenous membrane-bound macromolecules (for instance, the interchain disulfide of diphtheria toxin), and inhibiting this process with membrane-impermeant sulfhydryl reagents prevents diphtheria toxin cytotoxicity. More recently it was found that the same membrane(More)
We previously reported that monoclonal antibodies to protein-disulfide isomerase (PDI) and other membrane-impermeant PDI inhibitors prevented HIV-1 infection. PDI is present at the surface of HIV-1 target cells and reduces disulfide bonds in a model peptide attached to the cell membrane. Here we show that soluble PDI cleaves disulfide bonds in recombinant(More)
Methotrexate and [(3)H]methotrexate were conjugated through a carbodiimide-catalyzed reaction to a 70,000 molecular weight poly(L-lysine) in molar ratios of approximately 13 to 1. The cellular uptake of labeled conjugate was far in excess of the uptake of free drug in cells that were either proficient or deficient in methotrexate transport. The conjugate(More)
Methotrexate (MTX) conjugates of a monoclonal antibody, anti-SSEA-1, containing an average of 45 mol MTX/mol of immunoglobulin M, were prepared by a carbodiimide coupling reaction. Binding experiments indicate that conjugation does not decrease the affinity of the antibody for its antigen. The conjugate strongly inhibits the growth of SSEA-1-bearing F-9(More)
Basic proteins and polyamino acids are taken up by mammalian cells at rates up to 3000 times greater than serum albumin. When given together with serum albumin they increase the albumin uptake by a factor that correlates with their own rate of uptake and can reach more than 50-fold. The lowest threshold of activity detected (10(-10)M)is comparable to the(More)
Poly(D-lysine) is taken up avidly by cultured cells through adsorptive endocytosis and can serve as a carrier to increase cellular uptake of other molecules. While direct conjugation of methotrexate to poly(D-lysine) yields a conjugate devoid of cytotoxic effects because poly(D-lysine) is not digested in lysosomes, the indirect conjugation using a(More)
Current HIV entry inhibitors target the binding of the viral envelope glycoprotein gp120 to cellular CD4 and co-receptors, or block a late stage of the fusogenic activation of adjacent gp41. New targets are suggested by the role of cell surface protein disulfide isomerase (PDI), which attaches to the primary receptor CD4 close to the gp120-binding site.(More)