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Clonidine and benazoline are two structurally related imidazolines. Whereas clonidine binds both to alpha(2)-adrenoceptors (alpha(2)R) and to I(1) imidazoline receptors (I(1)R), benazoline showed a high selectivity for imidazoline receptors. Although the alpha(2)R are negatively coupled to adenylate cyclase, no effect on cAMP level by activation of I(1)R(More)
The aim of the present study was to further characterize [3H]clonidine binding in the ventrolateral medulla of the human brainstem, the region involved in the vasodepressor effect of imidazoline drugs of the clonidine type. Under basal conditions, [3H]clonidine can bind both to the imidazoline receptors and to the alpha-adrenoceptors. The latter represent(More)
The hypotensive effect of imidazoline-like drugs, such as clonidine, was first attributed to the exclusive stimulation of central alpha2-adrenoceptors (alpha2ARs). However, a body of evidence suggests that non-adrenergic mechanisms may also account for this hypotension. This work aims (i) to check whether imidazoline-like drugs with no alpha2-adrenergic(More)
The aim of the present study was to verify whether [3H]idazoxan can be considered as a highly selective ligand for imidazoline preferring receptors (IPR). In human frontal cortex membrane preparations [3H]idazoxan at a low concentration (2 nM) only labelled imidazoline sensitive, catecholamine insensitive sites. Binding was of high affinity, saturable and(More)
1. [3H]-clonidine binding was investigated in membranes isolated from the ventral medulla oblongata of the rabbit, where clonidine produced a hypotensive effect which was not mediated by adrenoceptors. [3H]-clonidine specific binding, as defined by the difference between the binding of [3H]-clonidine in the presence and in the absence of 10 microM(More)
Rilmenidine is one of the lead compounds of the second generation of centrally acting antihypertensive drugs. In the first part of this study, 2 routes of administration of chronic treatment (1 month) with rilmenidine were compared. In conscious and pentobarbital-anesthetized spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR), rilmenidine was delivered intraperitoneally(More)
The affinity of AMPI (2-[3-aminophenoxy]methyl imidazoline) for [3H]clonidine and [3H]idazoxan imidazoline binding sites was determined in various rabbit and human tissues. Although cirazoline showed a high affinity (nM range) in all the tested tissues, its derivative, AMPI, had a high affinity (nM range) in rabbit brain and kidney but a low affinity(More)
The first isolation of a human brain specific imidazoline binding protein is described. This protein was obtained using affinity chromatography and was revealed with the aid of an anti-idiotypic antibody specific for imidazoline binding sites. The protein (43 kDa) differs from other imidazoline binding proteins previously isolated from peripheral tissues,(More)