Hugo Porras

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Streptococcus pneumoniae is the leading bacterial cause of childhood pneumonia in the developing world. This study describes the type distribution and antimicrobial susceptibility of invasive pneumococcal isolates from Colombian children and is part of the Sistema Regional de Vacunas (SIREVA), a PAHO regional initiative designed to determine the ideal(More)
We sought to determine the age of greatest vulnerability in piglets to the loss of carotid chemoreceptor function. We studied four groups of carotid body-denervated (CBD) piglets whose carotid bodies were surgically removed at 4-5, 9-10, 12-15, and 21-22 days and who are herein referred to, respectively, as the CBD5, CBD10, CBD15, and CBD20 groups. Four(More)
The influence of sleep on ventilation, metabolic rate, cardiovascular function, and regional distribution of blood flow during hypoxemia (PaO2 of 45-50 mm Hg (1 mm Hg = 133.3 Pa)) was studied in piglets at 6+/-1 and 34+/-5 days (mean+/-SD). Measurement of ventilation and metabolic rate was done in a metabolic chamber, and blood flow was measured using the(More)
Theophylline, a drug frequently used in newborns, stimulates respiration and increases the metabolic rate in a sustained fashion; hypoxemia, on the other hand, decreases metabolic rate and increases ventilation slightly and, at times, only transiently. This study looked at the effect of theophylline on the metabolic and ventilatory response to hypoxemia in(More)
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