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Pulmonary function after exercise was evaluated in 22 asthmatic subjects before and after a 36-session training sequence of aerobic exercise. Training did not change pulmonary function values, except for a small increase in maximal voluntary ventilation (P less than 0.02), which was attributed to respiratory muscle training. After aerobic training, both(More)
To determine whether venous hemodynamics differ fundamentally between patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) and the abled-bodied population, quantitation of lower extremity venous plethysmography values was performed in 14 SCI patients and ten able-bodied subjects. The control group had an average maximum venous outflow (MVO) of 59.3 +/- 2.75 mL/min/100mL(More)
The ability of pulmonary function tests (PFTs) to predict exercise capacity was investigated by using linear regression analysis to quantify the relationships between: (1) maximum oxygen consumption during treadmill exercise and PFT parameters; and (2) total external work performed during treadmill exercise and PFT parameters. In a group containing 11(More)
Temporal changes in pulmonary function (PF) in subjects with complete cervical cord transection occur in two stages. The first, extending from the acute to post-acute periods, is characterized by relatively rapid increases in the following: vital, inspiratory, and total lung capacities (VC, IC, and TLC, respectively), and inspiratory and expiratory airflows(More)
The relationship between heterozygosity at genetic markers (six allozyme and eight microsatellite loci), and fluctuating asymmetry (FA), length and weight was investigated in two samples of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) with different timings of first active feeding (early (EA) and late (LA) salmon). This trait had previously been related to fitness. EA(More)
Maximal expiratory flow-volume maneuvers were performed by self-trained (FIT) and sedentary (UNFIT) asthmatic subjects. Both groups had similar pre-exercise pulmonary function limitations and attained the same exercising heart rate. The FIT group, however, exercised significantly longer than the UNFIT group. Although expiratory airflow increased in both(More)
Vital capacity measurements from 36 people rendered quadriplegic by traumatic cervical cord injuries generally increased during the first ten months after injury, indicating spontaneous improvement in respiratory muscle function. Reasoning that a renewal of neural supply to the diaphragm would probably be accompanied by a parallel renewal of neural supply(More)
To investigate the relationship between genetic composition and some physiological traits of interest (age at smoltification, precocious maturation in male parr) in early and late first feeding Atlantic salmon, genetic variation at 6 isozyme and 8 microsatellite loci was examined. Early and late first feeding salmon showed different allelic and genotypic(More)
Pentoxifylline is a xanthine derivative with hemorrheologic and vascular properties that may improve gas exchange in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We tested this hypothesis in 12 patients with COPD (mean FEV1 = 40 percent predicted; mean DCO, 8.6 ml/min/mm Hg) randomly divided into a treatment and control group and six healthy(More)