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Boron (B) is an essential micronutrient for normal development of roots, shoots and reproductive tissues in plants. Due to its role in the structure of rhamnogalacturonan II, a polysaccharide required for pollen tube growth, B deficiency has been associated with the occurrence of parthenocarpic seedless grapes in some varieties of Vitis vinifera L. Despite(More)
Plants respond to various abiotic stimuli by activation and propagation of fast electrical signals, action potentials. To resolve the temporal increase in cytosolic Ca(2)(+) during the action potentials of higher plants, we regenerated transgenic potato plants that expressed the Ca(2)(+) photoprotein apoaequorin. These genetically engineered potato plants(More)
BACKGROUND Metabolite profiling, the simultaneous quantification of multiple metabolites in an experiment, is becoming increasingly popular, particularly with the rise of systems-level biology. The workhorse in this field is gas-chromatography hyphenated with mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The high-throughput of this technology coupled with a demand for large(More)
The development of plant transformation in the mid-1980s and of many new tools for cell biology, molecular genetics, and biochemistry has resulted in enormous progress in plant biology in the past decade. With the completion of the genome sequence of Arabidopsis thaliana just around the corner, we can expect even faster progress in the next decade. The(More)
Zinc (Zn) deficiency is one of the most widespread mineral nutritional problems that affect normal development in plants. Because Zn cannot passively diffuse across cell membranes, it must be transported into intracellular compartments for all biological processes where Zn is required. Several members of the Zinc-regulated transporters, Iron-regulated(More)
VvMATE1 and VvMATE2 encode putative PA transporters expressed during seed development in grapevine. The subcellular localization of these MATE proteins suggests different routes for the intracellular transport of PAs. Proanthocyanidins (PAs), also called condensed tannins, protect plants against herbivores and are important quality components of many(More)
The chemical composition of any wine sample contains numerous small molecules largely derived from three different sources: the grape berry, the yeast strain used for fermentation, and the containers used for wine making and storage. The combined sum of these small molecules present in the wine, therefore, might account for all wine specific features such(More)
Vegetative propagation by stem cuttings and mini-cuttings has been used worldwide for growing Eucalyptus plants. However, clones and hybrids of this plant present a great variability in their rooting capacity, apart from a gradual decrease in the rooting potential due to the ontogenetic age of the mother plant. Several studies have demonstrated that some(More)
Drosophila light-dependent channels, TRP and TRPL, reside in the light-sensitive microvilli of the photoreceptor's rhabdomere. Phospholipase C mediates TRP/TRPL opening, but the gating process remains unknown. Controversial evidence has suggested diacylglycerol (DAG), polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs, a DAG metabolite), phosphatidylinositol bisphosphate(More)
Grapevine sexual reproduction involves a seasonal separation between inflorescence primordia (flowering induction) and flower development. We hypothesized that a repression mechanism implicating epigenetic changes could play a role in the seasonal separation of these two developmental processes in grapevine. Therefore, the expression of five grapevine genes(More)