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In high-field MRI severe problems with respect to B(1) (+) uniformity and specific absorption rate (SAR) deposition pose a great challenge to whole-body imaging. In this study the potential of a phased array transmit coil is investigated to simultaneously reduce B(1) (+) nonuniformity and SAR deposition. This was tested by performing electromagnetic(More)
Capacitively coupled hyperthermia devices are widely in use, mainly in Asian countries. In this paper, a comprehensive treatment planning system, including a Specific Absorption Rate (SAR) and thermal model for capacitively coupled hyperthermia, is described and demonstrated using a heterogeneous patient model. In order to accurately model a hyperthermia(More)
The eye is considered to be a critical organ when determining safety standards for radiofrequency radiation. With a detailed anatomy of the human eye and orbit inserted in a whole-head model, the specific absorption rates (SARs) and thermal effects were determined under exposure to a dipole antenna representing a mobile phone operating at 900, 1500 and 1800(More)
Recently published results confirm the positive effect of regional hyperthermia combined with external radiotherapy on pelvic tumours. Several studies have been published on the improvement of RF annular array applicator systems with dipoles and a closed water bolus. This study investigates the performance of a next-generation applicator system for regional(More)
An endorectal coil and an eight-element microstrip array were compared for prostate imaging at 7 T. An extensive radiofrequency safety assessment was performed with the use of finite difference time domain simulations to determine safe scan parameters. These simulations showed that the endorectal coil can deliver substantially more B(1)(+) to the prostate(More)
At high magnetic fields the performance of a volume-type body coil inside a human sized MR-scanner is influenced by the waveguide action of the scanner's bore. This can result in undesirable strong radio frequency fields B1+) outside the coil's target volume. A radio frequency (RF) transmit system, exploiting this waveguide action of the bore, is proposed(More)
In this study, MR B(+)(1) imaging is employed to experimentally verify the validity of FDTD simulations of electromagnetic field patterns in human anatomies. Measurements and FDTD simulations of the B(+)(1) field induced by a 3 T MR body coil in a human corpse were performed. It was found that MR B(+)(1) imaging is a sensitive method to measure the(More)
A flexible and fast regional hyperthermia treatment planning system for the Coaxial TEM System has been devised and is presented. Using Hounsfield Unit based thresholding and manually outlining of the tumour, a 40 cm CT data set (slice thickness 5 mm) is segmented and down scaled to a resolution of 1 cm, requiring only 30 min. The SAR model is based on the(More)
In 1986, the first nationwide epidemiological survey of adult oral health and attitudes to oral health care was carried out in The Netherlands. One of the aims of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and the quality (in terms of need for replacement) of amalgam and composite restorations in the Dutch adult population. A group of 600 dentate(More)
Due to current computer limitations, regional hyperthermia treatment planning (HTP) is practically limited to a resolution of 1 cm, whereas a millimetre resolution is desired. Using the centimetre resolution E-field distribution, computed with, for example, the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method and the millimetre resolution patient anatomy it is(More)