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OBJECTIVE Aging associated erectile dysfunction (ED) is primarily caused by the reduction in smooth muscle cells (SMC) and an increase in collagen within the corpora cavernosa, assumed to result from an increase in reactive oxygen species (ROS). This is accompanied by the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) to produce nitric oxide that(More)
Nitrergic neurotransmission triggering penile erection is mediated by nitric oxide (NO) synthesized in the cavernosal nerves of the penis by penile neuronal NO synthase (PnNOS). In the central nervous system, nNOS is activated by the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) and, presumably, is inhibited by the protein inhibitor of NOS (PIN). The PnNOS and(More)
BACKGROUND Compromised sexual function is often a side effect for patients following radical surgical procedures for bladder or prostate cancer. METHODS The authors review the classification and physiology of sexual function and dysfunction. Moreover, they explain the possible pathophysiology directly resulting from surgery, and they discuss several(More)
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