Hugo Guillén

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Peganum harmala L. is a multipurpose medicinal plant increasingly used for psychoactive recreational purposes (Ayahuasca analog). Harmaline, harmine, harmalol, harmol and tetrahydroharmine were identified and quantified as the main beta-carboline alkaloids in P. harmala extracts. Seeds and roots contained the highest levels of alkaloids with low levels in(More)
Norharman and harman are naturally occurring beta-carboline alkaloids exhibiting a wide range of biological, psychopharmacological, and toxicological actions. They occur in foods and tobacco smoke and also appear endogenously in humans. In this research, metabolic and kinetic studies with cytochrome P450 enzymes and human liver microsomes showed that(More)
1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) neurotoxin is a chemical inducer of Parkinson's disease (PD) whereas N-methylated beta-carbolines and isoquinolines are naturally occurring analogues of MPTP involved in PD. This research has studied the oxidation of MPTP by human CYP2D6 (CYP2D6*1 and CYP2D6*10 allelic variants) as well as by a mixture of(More)
Monoamine oxidase (MAO) B is a mitochondrial enzyme selectively involved in the oxidative activation of 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) neurotoxin to toxic pyridinium cations producing Parkinsonism in animal models. Various synthesized 5-nitroindazoles, 6-nitroindazole and the neuroprotectant 7-nitroindazole were examined as inhibitors(More)
2-Methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-beta-carboline (2-Me-THbetaC) and 2,9-dimethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-beta-carboline (2,9-diMe-THbetaC) are naturally occurring analogs of the Parkinsonian neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP), whereas their corresponding aromatic 2-methyl-beta-carbolinium cations resemble 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium(More)
Nitroreductases reduce nitroaromatic compounds and other oxidants in living organisms, having interesting implications in environmental and human health. A putative nitrobenzoate reductase encoding gene (lp_0050) was recently annotated in the completed DNA sequence of lactic acid bacterium Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1 strain. In this research, this L.(More)
Monoamine oxidase (MAO) enzymes located in human mitochondria oxidize neurotransmitters and bioactivate the neurotoxin 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) by oxidation to directly-acting neurotoxic pyridinium cations (MPDP⁺/MPP⁺) that produce Parkinsonism. Antioxidants and MAO inhibitors are useful as neuroprotectants. Naturally-occurring(More)
Metabolic enzymes are involved in the activation/deactivation of the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyiridine (MPTP) neurotoxin and its naturally occurring analogs 2-methyltetrahydro-β-carbolines. The metabolic profile and biotransformation of these protoxins by three enzymes, monoamine oxidase (MAO), cytochrome P450, and heme peroxidases(More)
Peganum harmala L. is a medicinal plant from the Mediterranean region and Asia currently used for recreative psychoactive purposes (Ayahuasca analogue), and increasingly involved in toxic cases. Its psychopharmacological and toxicological properties are attributed to quinazoline and β-carboline alkaloids. In this work three major quinazoline alkaloids were(More)
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