Hugo D. Meiring

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Formaldehyde is a well known cross-linking agent that can inactivate, stabilize, or immobilize proteins. The purpose of this study was to map the chemical modifications occurring on each natural amino acid residue caused by formaldehyde. Therefore, model peptides were treated with excess formaldehyde, and the reaction products were analyzed by liquid(More)
Formaldehyde is frequently used to inactivate, stabilize, or immobilize proteins. The treatment results in a large variety of chemical modifications in proteins, such as the formation of methylol groups, Schiff bases, and methylene bridges. The purpose of the present study was to identify the stable formaldehyde-induced modifications in a small protein.(More)
Defects in major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I-restricted antigen presentation are frequently observed in human cancers and result in escape of tumors from cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) immune surveillance in mice. Here, we show the existence of a unique category of CTLs that can prevent this escape. The CTLs target an alternative repertoire of(More)
Streptococcus pneumoniae undergoes spontaneous phase variation resulting in opaque and transparent colony forms. Differences in colony opacity correlate with differences in virulence: the transparent variants are more capable of colonizing the nasopharynx, whereas the opaque variants show increased virulence during systemic infections. To gain insight into(More)
Modification of the lipid A moiety of bacterial lipopolysaccharide influences cell wall properties, endotoxic activity, and bacterial resistance to antimicrobial peptides. Known modifications are variation in the number or length of acyl chains and/or attached phosphoryl groups. Here we identified two genes (gnnA and gnnB) in the major foodborne pathogen(More)
We studied the natural MHC class I display of measles virus (MV) epitopes. Peptide ligands associated with HLA-A*0201 were purified from a B lymphoblastoid cell line prior to and after infection with MV. Infection-induced peptides were revealed using microcapillary reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography electrospray ionization/mass(More)
Reactive arthritis (ReA) induced by infection with several gram-negative bacteria is strongly associated with expression of the major histocompatibility complex class I molecule HLA-B27. It is thought that due to the intracellular lifestyle of ReA-inducing bacteria, bacterial fragments can be presented by HLA-B27. Cytotoxic T cells recognizing such(More)
The identification of peptides presented by human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class I is tremendously important for the understanding of antigen presentation mechanisms under healthy or diseased conditions. Currently, mass spectrometry-based methods represent the best methodology for the identification of HLA class I-associated peptides. However, the HLA class(More)
The meningococcal class I outer membrane protein porin A plays an important role in the development of T cell-dependent protective immunity against meningococcal serogroup B infection and is therefore a major component of candidate meningococcal vaccines. T cell epitopes from porin A are poorly characterized because of weak in vitro memory T cell responses(More)
Engineering the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) biosynthetic pathway offers the potential to obtain modified derivatives with optimized adjuvant properties. Neisseria meningitidis strain H44/76 was modified by expression of the pagL gene encoding lipid A 3-O-deacylase from Bordetella bronchiseptica and by inactivation of the lgtB gene encoding the terminal(More)