Hugo Cousillas

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Vocal communication develops under social influences that can enhance attention, an important factor in memory formation and perceptual tuning. In songbirds, social conditions can delay sensitive periods of development, overcome learning inhibitions and enable exceptional learning or induce selective learning. However, we do not know how social conditions(More)
Although evidence exists for a lateralization of song production, few studies have focused on the perceptual aspect of lateralization in songbirds. In the present study, the authors recorded neuronal responses to a variety of species-specific and artificial, nonspecific stimuli in both hemispheres of awake and anesthetized male starlings (Sturnus vulgaris).(More)
Direct social contact and social interaction affect speech development in human infants and are required in order to maintain perceptual abilities; however the processes involved are still poorly known. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that social segregation during development would prevent the proper development of a central auditory area,(More)
The field L complex is thought to be the highest auditory centre and the input in the song vocal nuclei. Different anatomical and functional subdivisions have been described in field L. Auditory neurons of field L are well activated by natural sounds and especially by species-specific sounds. A complex sound coding appears to exist in field L. However,(More)
The effect of early experience on brain development was investigated in the central auditory area of a songbird, the field L complex, which is analogous to the mammalian auditory cortex. Multi-unit recordings of auditory responses in the field L complex of adult starlings raised without any experience of adult song during development provide strong evidence(More)
The present study, using a systematic recording method that we recently developed, describes the behavior of the neurons of the vocal control nucleus HVC in response to a variety of acoustic stimuli in a songbird species with multiple song types, the European starling. Most neurons did not respond to any of the stimuli that were presented, and those neurons(More)
Whether anesthesia impacts brain sensory processing is a highly debated and important issue. There is a general agreement that anesthesia tends to diminish neuronal activity, but its potential impact on neuronal "tuning" is still an open question. Here we show, based on electrophysiological recordings in the primary auditory area of a female songbird, that(More)
Venom from the spider Argiope trifasciata, a highly specific blocker of the ionic channels associated with invertebrate glutamatergic receptors, was perfused through scala tympani of the basal turn of the pig cochlea. Its effect on spontaneous and driven activity of single afferent neurons was studied. 0.1 U/ml spider venom altered the maximum driven(More)
Glass micro-electrode recordings from the spiral ganglion of the basal turn of the guinea pig cochlea have been obtained before, during and after negative (cathodic) current injection into scala tympani. Electrical stimulation with currents between 100 microA and 900 microA produced a marked increase in firing rate of the afferent neurons for the first 3(More)
Lateralization of brain functions is a widespread phenomenon in vertebrates. With the well-known lateralization in the processing of human speech and the parallels that exist between birdsong and language, songbirds are interesting for addressing such questions. In the present study, we investigated the central processing of communicative and artificial(More)