Hugo Aréchiga

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1. The patterns of electrical activity and membrane characteristics of a population of neurosecretory-cell somata in the X-organ of the crayfish were investigated with microelectrodes and whole-cell, voltage-clamp techniques. Some neurons (56%) were silent but could be excited by intracellular current injection: other cells showed spontaneous tonic activity(More)
The responsiveness of crayfish retinal photoreceptors to light was enhanced by exposure to 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), either following injection into whole animals or following topical application to isolated eyestalks or retinas. The effect was measured as an increment in the amplitude of the receptor potential, and was dose-dependent in the range(More)
Electrical mass response of crayfish photoreceptors (electroretinogram) was recorded continuously for up to seven days in isolated preparations that consisted of the retina and lamina ganglionaris. Electroretinogram amplitude varied in a circadian manner with a nocturnal acrophase and a period of 22-23 h in preparations kept in darkness. Acclimatization of(More)
Crustaceans exhibit a variety of overt circadian rhythms. Observations on intact animals suggest the existence of more than one circadian pacemaker in the nervous system. Ablation experiments so far have been inconclusive in pin-pointing the location of putative pacemakers. However, various structures, most notably the optic peduncle, have been shown to(More)
Morphological and cytochemical analysis of Procambarus clarki hemocytes demonstrated three cell types: hyaline, semigranular, and granular. Hyaline cells showed a higher nuclear/cytoplasmic ratio with few small electron-dense granules in the cytoplasm. Semigranular cells presented numerous round or oval eosinophilic granules (0.40-0.78 micron). Granular(More)
Optical methods were used to examine the spread of electrical potentials and the distribution and time course of calcium transients in individual identified nerve cells isolated from the leech. A photodiode array detected voltage transients by measuring absorbance changes of cells stained with the voltage-sensitive dye RH155 added to the bath. Calcium(More)
The present article is the adapted version of an electronic symposium organized by the Brazilian Society of Neuroscience and Behavior (SBNeC) which took place on June 14, 2000. The text is divided into three sections: I. The main issues, II. Chronodrugs, and III. Methods. The first section is dedicated to the perspectives of chronobiology for the next(More)
The Retzius neuron from the leech, growing in culture on the plant lectin concanavalin A as substrate, produces broad flat growth cones and thick bundles of processes. The same cell extends fine straight processes with numerous branches when grown on a laminin-like substrate extracted from leech central nervous system extracellular matrix, referred to as(More)
The effects of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) were investigated in red pigment concentrating hormone (RPCH)-containing neurons isolated from the X-organ of the crayfish (Procambarus clarkii). Under current-clamp conditions and using the gramicidin-perforated-patch configuration, 5-HT elicited a prolonged hyperpolarization that suppressed neuronal firing(More)
1. The X organ-sinus gland system is a conglomerate of 150-200 neurosecretory cells in the eyestalk of crustaceans. It is the source of a host of peptide neurohormones which partake in the control of a wide range of physiological functions. Distinct families of X organ peptides have been chemically characterized: (a) two chromatophorotropic hormones of(More)