Hughes-Olivier Bertrand

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N-Methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) are ionotropic glutamate receptors endowed with unique pharmacological and functional properties. In particular, their high permeability to calcium ions confers on NMDARs a central role in triggering long term changes in synaptic strength. Under excitotoxic pathological conditions, such as those occurring during brain(More)
The gamma-amino-n-butyric acid type B (GABA(B)) receptor is composed of two subunits, GABA(B)1 and GABA(B)2, belonging to the family 3 heptahelix receptors. These proteins possess two domains, a seven transmembrane core and an extracellular domain containing the agonist binding site. This binding domain is likely to fold like bacterial periplasmic binding(More)
Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) belong to the family 3 of G-protein-coupled receptors. On these proteins, agonist binding on the extracellular domain leads to conformational changes in the 7-transmembrane domains required for G-protein activation. To elucidate the structural features that might be responsible for such an activation mechanism, we(More)
Cinnabarinic acid is an endogenous metabolite of the kynurenine pathway that meets the structural requirements to interact with glutamate receptors. We found that cinnabarinic acid acts as a partial agonist of type 4 metabotropic glutamate (mGlu4) receptors, with no activity at other mGlu receptor subtypes. We also tested the activity of cinnabarinic acid(More)
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