Hughes-Olivier Bertrand

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N-Methyl-D-aspartate receptors (NMDARs) are ionotropic glutamate receptors endowed with unique pharmacological and functional properties. In particular, their high permeability to calcium ions confers on NMDARs a central role in triggering long term changes in synaptic strength. Under excitotoxic pathological conditions, such as those occurring during brain(More)
Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) belong to the family 3 of G-protein-coupled receptors. On these proteins, agonist binding on the extracellular domain leads to conformational changes in the 7-transmembrane domains required for G-protein activation. To elucidate the structural features that might be responsible for such an activation mechanism, we(More)
The gamma-amino-n-butyric acid type B (GABA(B)) receptor is composed of two subunits, GABA(B)1 and GABA(B)2, belonging to the family 3 heptahelix receptors. These proteins possess two domains, a seven transmembrane core and an extracellular domain containing the agonist binding site. This binding domain is likely to fold like bacterial periplasmic binding(More)
Cinnabarinic acid is an endogenous metabolite of the kynurenine pathway that meets the structural requirements to interact with glutamate receptors. We found that cinnabarinic acid acts as a partial agonist of type 4 metabotropic glutamate (mGlu4) receptors, with no activity at other mGlu receptor subtypes. We also tested the activity of cinnabarinic acid(More)
The structurally correlated dihedral angles epsilon and zeta are known for their large variability within the B-DNA backbone. We have used molecular modelling to study both energetic and mechanical features of these variations which can produce BI/BII transitions. Calculations were carried out on DNA oligomers containing either YpR or RpY dinucleotides(More)
The kalilo variants of Neurospora contain a cytoplasmic genetic factor that causes senescence. This factor is a 9.0 kb transposable element (kalDNA) that lacks nucleotide sequence homology with mtDNA and is inserted into the mitochondrial chromosome, often at sites located within the open reading frame in the intron-DNA of the mitochondrial 25S-rRNA gene.(More)
In the kalilo strains of N. intermedia, senescence is initiated by insertion of a 9.0 kb foreign nucleotide sequence, kalDNA, into mitochondrial DNA. A 9.0 kb linear DNA plasmid that is structurally homologous to the mitochondrial kalDNA insertion sequences exists in high copy numbers in close association with the nuclei of presenescent and senescent kalilo(More)
We have identified nuclear mutants of Neurospora that are defective in splicing the mitochondrial large rRNA and that accumulate unspliced pre-rRNA (35S RNA). In cyt-4 mutants, the unspliced pre-rRNA contains short 3' end extensions (110 nucleotides) that are not present in pre-rRNAs from the other mutants. This and other characteristics suggest that the(More)
In Neurospora, the gene encoding the mitochondrial large (25S) ribosomal RNA contains an intervening sequence of 2.3 kb. We have identified eight nuclear mutants that are defective in splicing the mitochondrial large ribosomal RNA and that accumulate unspliced precursor RNA. These mutants identify three different nuclear genes required for the same(More)
We characterized an unusual tRNA-like sequence that had been found inserted in suppressive variants of the mitochondrial retroplasmid of Neurospora intermedia strain Varkud. We previously identified two forms of the tRNA-like sequence, one of 64 nt (TRL-64) and the other of 78 nt (TRL-78) containing a 14-nt internal insertion in the anticodon stem at a(More)
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