Hugh R. Barrett

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BACKGROUND Plasma lipoproteins are important determinants of atherosclerosis. Apolipoprotein (apo) B is a large, amphipathic glycoprotein that plays a central role in human lipoprotein metabolism. Two forms of apoB are produced from the APOB gene by a unique posttranscriptional editing process: apoB-48, which is required for chylomicron production in the(More)
BACKGROUND Lipid abnormalities may contribute to the increased risk of atherosclerosis and coronary disease in visceral obesity. Fish oils lower plasma triacylglycerols, but the underlying mechanisms are not fully understood. OBJECTIVE We studied the effect of fish oils on the metabolism of apolipoprotein B-100 (apo B) and chylomicron remnants in obese(More)
OBJECTIVE Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is highly prevalent in obese and type 2 diabetic individuals and is strongly associated with dyslipidemia and inflammation. Weight loss and/or pharmacotherapy are commonly used to correct these abnormalities. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We performed a 16-week intervention trial of a hypocaloric, low-fat diet plus(More)
The grapefruit flavonoid, naringenin, is hypocholesterolemic in vivo, and inhibits basal apolipoprotein B (apoB) secretion and the expression and activities of both ACAT and microsomal triglyceride transfer protein (MTP) in human hepatoma cells (HepG2). In this report, we examined the effects of naringenin on apoB kinetics in oleate-stimulated HepG2 cells(More)
CONTEXT Apolipoprotein (apo) C-III is associated with hypertriglyceridemia and progression of cardiovascular disease. Plasma apoC-III is elevated in centrally obese men, and we hypothesized that the kinetics of apoC-III are disturbed in these subjects. OBJECTIVE We developed a compartmental model to determine very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) and(More)
OBJECTIVE We addressed the role of the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor in determining clearance rates and production rate (PR) of apolipoprotein B (apoB) in humans. METHODS AND RESULTS Kinetic studies using endogenous labeling of apoB with deuterated leucine were performed in 7 genetically defined patients with homozygous familial(More)
Atorvastatin, a synthetic HMG-CoA reductase inhibitor used for the treatment of hyperlipidemia and the prevention of coronary artery disease, significantly lowers plasma cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels. It also reduces total plasma triglyceride and apoE concentrations. In view of the direct involvement of apoE in the(More)
The effects of Therapeutic Lifestyle Change (TLC) diets, low and high in dietary fish, on apolipoprotein metabolism were examined. Subjects were provided with a Western diet for 6 weeks, followed by 24 weeks of either of two TLC diets (10/group). Apolipoprotein kinetics were determined in the fed state using stable isotope methods and compartmental modeling(More)
Subjects with high plasma cholesterol levels exhibit a high production of VLDL apolipoprotein B-100 (apoB-100), suggesting that cholesterol is a mediator for VLDL production. The objective of the study was to examine whether endogenous cholesterol synthesis, reflected by the lathosterol-cholesterol ratio (L-C ratio), affects the secretory rates of different(More)
OBJECTIVE Dysregulated apolipoprotein (apo)C-III metabolism may account for hypertriglyceridemia and increased cardiovascular risk in the metabolic syndrome. This study investigated the dose-dependent effect of rosuvastatin on VLDL apoC-III transport in men with the metabolic syndrome. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Twelve men with the metabolic syndrome(More)