Learn More
Electroencephalogram (EEG) data are typically contaminated with artifacts (e.g., by eye movements). The effect of artifacts can be attenuated by deleting data with amplitudes over a certain value, for example. Independent component analysis (ICA) separates EEG data into neural activity and artifact; once identified, artifactual components can be deleted(More)
OBJECTIVE To quantify latency, amplitude and topographical differences in event-related potential (ERP) components between multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and controls and to compare ERP findings with results from the paced auditory serial addition test (PASAT). METHODS Fifty-four subjects (17 relapsing remitting (RRMS) patients, 16 secondary progressive(More)
The present study investigated the feasibility of acquiring electroencephalography (EEG) data during self-motion in human subjects. Subjects performed a visual oddball task - designed to evoke a P3 event-related potential - while being passively moved in the fore-aft direction on a Stewart platform. The results of this study indicate that reliable EEG data(More)
The technical challenges of recording electroencephalographic (EEG) data during motion are considerable, but would enable the possibility of investigating neural function associated with balance, motor function and motion perception. The challenges include finding a reliable method of motion stimulus reproduction, removing artifacts, and ensuring that the(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the correlation between the change in PASAT and the change in P3 event-related potentials (ERPs) over a 12-month period in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients, and to compare the 12-month change in the P3 ERP between MS patients and controls. METHODS Forty-four subjects (27 MS patients, 17 controls) completed visual and auditory(More)
Cognitive impairment (CI), often examined with neuropsychological tests such as the Paced Auditory Serial Addition Test (PASAT), affects approximately 65% of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. The P3b event-related potential (ERP), evoked when an infrequent target stimulus is presented, indexes cognitive function and is typically compared across subjects'(More)
BACKGROUND In this report, we provide the first normative reference data and prevalence estimates of impaired orthostatic blood pressure (BP) stabilization, initial orthostatic hypotension, and orthostatic hypotension based on beat-to-beat blood pressure methods in a population-representative sample. METHODS AND RESULTS Participants were recruited from a(More)
Resting fluctuations in the blood oxygenation level-dependent signal have attracted considerable interest for their sensitivity to pathological brain processes. However, these analyses are susceptible to confound by nonneural physiological factors such as vasculature, breathing, and head movement which is a concern when investigating elderly or pathological(More)
The perception of self-motion is a product of the integration of information from both visual and non-visual cues, to which the vestibular system is a central contributor. It is well documented that vestibular dysfunction leads to impaired movement and balance, dizziness and falls, and yet our knowledge of the neuronal processing of vestibular signals(More)
Conduction along the optic nerve is often slowed in multiple sclerosis (MS). This is typically assessed by measuring the latency of the P100 component of the Visual Evoked Potential (VEP) using electroencephalography. The Visual Evoked Spread Spectrum Analysis (VESPA) method, which involves modulating the contrast of a continuous visual stimulus over time,(More)