Hugh Mulcahy

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BACKGROUND Tumor budding along the advancing front of colorectal adenocarcinoma is an early event in the metastatic process. A reproducible, prognostic budding scoring system based on outcomes in early stage colorectal cancer has not been established. DESIGN One hundred twenty-eight T3N0M0 colorectal carcinoma patients with known outcome were identified.(More)
Micrometastases have been detected by immunocytochemical means in the lymph nodes of patients with otherwise node-negative cancer of the colon and rectum. This study examines the incidence and prognostic significance of nodal micrometastases in Dukes' B carcinoma. Five hundred and fifty-nine lymph nodes from 77 cases of Dukes' B carcinoma were examined for(More)
BACKGROUND Biliary stricture is one of the most common complications of liver transplantation. A number of treatment options are available, but a standard approach has not been established. METHODS A total of 25 patients with post-liver transplantation anastomotic strictures were treated endoscopically by stent placement. Long-term outcomes (bile duct(More)
Tumor-derived circulating DNA has been found in the plasma of cancer patients. Alterations include decreased strand stability, mutations of oncogenes or of tumor suppressor genes, microsatellite alterations, and hypermethylation of several genes. RNA has also been found circulating in the plasma of normal subjects and cancer patients. Tyrosinase mRNA has(More)
PURPOSE Current prognostic factors are poor at identifying patients at risk of disease recurrence after surgery for stage II colon cancer. Here we describe a DNA microarray-based prognostic assay using clinically relevant formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) samples. PATIENTS AND METHODS A gene signature was developed from a balanced set of 73 patients(More)
Cathepsin B and Cathepsin L are cysteine proteases important in the process of invasion and metastasis. The aim of our study was to assay antigen and activity levels of these enzymes and to correlate these with established clinical and pathological prognostic parameters including patient survival. 99 patients undergoing operations for colorectal cancer were(More)
AIMS To examine the relation between the replication error (RER) phenotype and other genetic events, clinical features, and long term survival in patients with Dukes' B stage II (T3,N0,M0) colorectal cancer. METHODS RER phenotype was investigated in 159 patients by PCR amplification of microsatellite marker loci on chromosomes 5q, 17p, 17q, and 18q from(More)
Small amounts of free DNA circulate in both healthy and diseased human plasma/serum, and increased concentrations of DNA are present in the plasma of cancer patients. Characteristics of tumour DNA have been found in genetic material extracted from the plasma of cancer patients. These features include decreased strand stability and the presence of specific(More)
AIMS To standardize the pathological analysis of total mesorectal excision specimens of rectal cancer following neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy for locally advanced disease (T3/T4), including tumour regression. METHODS AND RESULTS Standardized dissection and reporting was used for 60 patients who underwent total mesorectal excision following long-course(More)
OBJECTIVES The relevance of spatial composition in the microbial changes associated with UC is unclear. We coupled luminal brush samples, mucosal biopsies and laser capture microdissection with deep sequencing of the gut microbiota to develop an integrated spatial assessment of the microbial community in controls and UC. DESIGN A total of 98 samples were(More)