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OBJECTIVE To evaluate and assess the long-term complications of using the thermo-expandable, nickel-titanium alloy stent (Memokath 051, Engineers & Doctors A/S, Hornbaek, Denmark) for managing benign ureteric strictures. PATIENTS AND METHODS Over a 3-year period, 13 Memokath stents were inserted in 11 patients (mean age 58 years, range 35-85) with 12(More)
Genetic mutations have been progressively introduced to BCG by repeated serial passage over many decades of its culture and global dissemination. Thus, marked differences exist in the phenotype, antigenicity, reactogenicity, and clinical characteristics of the numerous substrains of BCG currently in use for bladder cancer immunotherapy. These differences(More)
a School of Cancer Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK; Royal Society of Medicine Section of Urology, London, UK; c The Prostate Centre, London, UK; d The Urology Foundation, London, UK; Guy’s and St. Thomas’ NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK; British Association of Urological Surgeons Section of Oncology, London, UK; Royal Berkshire NHS(More)
Laparascopic mesh repair is a safe and effective method of surgically treating incisional hernia. However, such an approach may lead to specific complications of both laparoscopy and mesh placement. The mesh may migrate, become infected or erode into adjacent structures. We describe the case of a woman who underwent laparoscopic incisional hernia repair(More)
Non-muscle-invasive bladder cancers form a heterogeneous group of tumours with varying recurrence and progression rates. Recently low-, intermediate- and high-risk categories, based on tumour stage and grade, have been used to predict prognosis and guide treatment. Whilst the therapeutic options for the low- and high-risk groups are well defined, the(More)
In recent years there has been a decline in the uptake of the MMR vaccine and a significant increase the number of reported case of mumps. This condition has number of important extrasalivary manifestations including mumps epididymo-orchitits. The article reviews the pathophysiology, clinical symptoms, diagnosis, and long-term sequelae of this increasingly(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess a modified technique of multidetector computed tomographic urography (CTU) which can reproducibly and accurately map the pelvicalyceal system (PCS) and complex renal calculi, as such information is essential in choosing the optimal percutaneous approach into the PCS for safe and successful percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). PATIENTS(More)
BACKGROUND There are still no effective treatments for superficial bladder cancer (SBC)/non-muscle invasive bladder cancer. Following treatment, 20% of patients still develop metastatic disease. Superficial bladder cancer is often multifocal, has high recurrences after surgical resection and recurs after intravesical live Bacillus Calmette-Guérin.(More)