Hugh J O'Neill

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INTRODUCTION In 2003, only 18% of Massachusetts adults were aware of all signs and symptoms of stroke, but 80% would call 9-1-1 if they thought someone was having a stroke or heart attack. Because early recognition leads to early treatment and improved clinical outcomes, increasing symptom recognition could have an impact on stroke survival and stroke(More)
BACKGROUND Norwalk-like viruses are the most common cause of gastroenteritis outbreaks and sporadic cases of vomiting and diarrhoea. In healthy individuals infection is often mild and short-lived but in debilitated patients infection can be severe. It is essential that the virus laboratory can offer a sensitive and specific test, delivered in a timely(More)
BACKGROUND The association of Chlamydia pneumoniae with atherosclerosis is controversial. We investigated the presence of C. pneumoniae and other Chlamydia spp. in atheromatous carotid artery tissue. METHODS Forty elective carotid endarterectomy patients were recruited (27 males, mean age 65 and 13 females mean age 68), 4 had bilateral carotid(More)
BACKGROUND Immunofluorescence and virus culture are the main methods used to diagnose acute respiratory virus infections. Diagnosing these infections using nucleic acid amplification presents technical challenges, one of which is facilitating the different optimal annealing temperatures needed for each virus. To overcome this problem we developed a(More)
In the 18 years between 1970 and 1987, 504 patients were found to have hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) in their blood. Acute hepatitis was present in 184 patients and six died (3.3%). The annual incidence of acute hepatitis B virus infection in Northern Ireland was about one-quarter that of England and Wales. A decrease in acute infection occurred in(More)
DURING 1974-75 there was an outbreak of meningitis associated with echovirus type 19 in Northern Ireland, which was the fourth major enterovirus outbreak during the past seven years. The other outbreaks were associated with echovirus MATERIALS AND METHODS Patients' faeces, CSF or throat swabs were inoculated into primary rhesus monkey kidney and HEp2 cell(More)
BACKGROUND Coxiella burnetii causes the common worldwide zoonotic infection, Q fever. It has been previously suggested that patients who had recovered from acute Q fever (whether symptomatic or otherwise) may be at increased risk of ischaemic heart disease. We undertook this study to determine if past infection with Coxiella burnetii, the aetiological agent(More)
BACKGROUND Nested nucleic acid amplification tests are often thought too sensitive or prone to generating false positive results for routine use. The current study investigated the specificity and clinical utility of a routine multiplex nested assay for mucosal herpetic infections. METHODS Ninety patients, categorised into those clinically diagnosed to(More)
The incidence of hepatitis delta virus (HDV) infection in Northern Ireland (1970-1989) was tested by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay in 401 hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positive sera. Hepatitis delta antigen (HDAg) was tested in 388 patients and antibody to delta antigen (anti-HD) in 401 patients. Four patients (1.03%) were HDAg positive. Nine(More)