Hugh H Trout

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Circulating monocytes mediate inflammation in atherosclerosis and may serve as easily accessible reporters of disease. To search for markers of atherosclerosis, we compared the in vivo transcriptomes of monocytes purified from patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy and normal subjects by using the serial analysis of gene expression technique. We(More)
In nine subjects with carotid atherosclerosis, double-oblique, contrast material-enhanced, double inversion-recovery, fast spin-echo magnetic resonance (MR) images were acquired through atheroma in the proximal internal carotid artery. Fibrocellular tissue within atheroma selectively enhanced 29% after administration of gadolinium-based contrast agent.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The management of carotid atherosclerosis is well-established for symptomatic stenosis above 69%, but the optimal approach for managing lower degrees of narrowing remains uncertain. Because the risk of stroke increases with higher grades of stenosis, we are inclined to consider low-grade disease to be low risk. This approach, however,(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE MRA is widely used to measure carotid narrowing. Standard CE- and TOF-MRA techniques use highly T1-weighted gradient-echo sequences that can detect T1 short blood products, so they have the potential to identify IPH, an indicator of plaque rupture. We sought to determine the accuracy and reliability of these MRA sequences to detect(More)
Truncal vagotomy (TV) is known to increase the feeding stimulated acid output of Heidenhain pouches. A series of experiments were performed in dogs to see if proximal gastric vagotomy (PGV) also had this effect. Dogs were prepared with gastric fistulas (GF) and Heidenhain pouches (HP). Gastric function testing included three categories of tests: (1) serum(More)
Gastrointestinal peptides have been proposed to play an important role in the pancreatic polypeptide response to a meal. These studies examine the role of the small intestine and gastric antrum in pancreatic polypeptide release in unanesthetized dogs. Intestinal perfusion with 5% liver extract in seven dogs resulted in a significant increase (P less than(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Pathologic studies suggest that neovascularization and hemorrhage are important features of plaque vulnerability for disruption. Our aim was to determine the associations of these features in carotid plaques with previous cerebrovascular ischemic events by using high-resolution CE-MRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS Forty-seven patients (36(More)
Hypersensitive carotid sinus is a rare cause of spontaneous syncopal attacks. It must be differentiated from the other more common causes, such as intrinsic cardiac disease, vasovagal responses, postural hypotension and cerebrovascular insufficiency, although it may accompany these conditions. The definition of carotid sinus syncope is syncope elicited by(More)