Hugh Griffin

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The broad-spectrum mercurial-resistance plasmid pDU1358 was analyzed by cloning the resistance determinants and preparing a physical and genetic map of a 45-kilobase (kb) region of the plasmid that contains two separate mercurial-resistance operons that mapped about 20 kb apart. One encoded narrow-spectrum mercurial resistance to Hg2+ and a few(More)
Degenerate PCR primers were designed from the N-terminal amino acid sequence of a glutamyl aminopeptidase (PepA) from Lactococcus lactis. These primers were used to screen a lambda library for clones containing the gene (pepA) encoding PepA. The DNA sequence of a 2.1 kb fragment containing pepA was determined. The sequence revealed the presence of one(More)
Global regulatory circuits of the type mediated by CRP and FNR in Escherichia coli were sought in Lactococcus lactis to provide a basis for redirecting carbon metabolism to specific fermentation products. Using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) approach, two genes (flpA and flpB) encoding FNR-like proteins (FlpA and FlpB) with the potential for mediating a(More)
Diacetyl is an important food flavor compound produced by certain strains of citrate-metabolizing lactic acid bacteria. Citrate is converted to pyruvate, from which diacetyl is produced via intermediate alpha-acetolactate. This paper reports the cloning and analysis of the gene (aldB) encoding alpha-acetolactate decarboxylase from Lactococcus lactis MG1363.(More)
A plasmid-based food-grade vector system was developed for Lactococcus lactis by exploiting the genes for lactose metabolism. L. lactis MG5267 is a plasmid-free strain containing the entire lactose operon as a chromosomal insertion. The lacF gene was deleted from this strain by a double cross-over homologous recombination event. The lacF-deficient strain(More)
An aroA mutant was produced from a virulent strain of Salmonella Gallinarum, the causative agent of fowl typhoid in poultry, by Tn10 insertional inactivation and deletion. The mutant was highly attenuated for chickens. A single intramuscular immunization of 2-week-old chickens with 10(7) mutant organisms reduced mortality following oral challenge with 10(8)(More)
The serC-aroA operon of Salmonella gallinarum was isolated from a gene library using a labelled oligonucleotide probe and by complementation of an aroA Escherichia coli strain. The nucleotide sequence of a 2.6 kbp fragment was determined. The predicted amino acid sequence of the aroA gene product was compared to the equivalent sequence from ten other(More)
The conversion of pyruvate to lactate is a key feature of lactococcal strains. The enzyme which facilitates this conversion, L-lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and the gene which encodes it (Idh), are therefore of great significance. This paper presents the cloning and DNA sequence analysis of three further lactococcal genes which are of key importance in the(More)
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) primers designed from a multiple alignment of predicted amino acid sequences from bacterial aroA genes were used to amplify a fragment of Lactococcus lactis DNA. An 8 kb fragment was then cloned from a lambda library and the DNA sequence of a 4.4 kb region determined. This region was found to contain the genes tyrA, aroA,(More)