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  • Anthony J. Harmar, Hugh M. Marston, Sanbing Shen, Christopher Spratt, Katrine M. West, W.John Sheward +7 others
  • 2002
The neuropeptides pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) are implicated in the photic entrainment of circadian rhythms in the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN). We now report that mice carrying a null mutation of the VPAC(2) receptor for VIP and PACAP (Vipr2(-/-)) are incapable of sustaining normal(More)
Photoreception in the mammalian retina is not restricted to rods and cones but extends to a subset of retinal ganglion cells expressing the photopigment melanopsin (mRGCs). These mRGCs are known to drive such reflex light responses as circadian photoentrainment and pupillomotor movements. By contrast, until now there has been no direct assessment of their(More)
In mammals, an internal timekeeping mechanism located in the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) orchestrates a diverse array of neuroendocrine and physiological parameters to anticipate the cyclical environmental fluctuations that occur every solar day. Electrophysiological recording techniques have proved invaluable in shaping our understanding of how this(More)
Expression of coherent and rhythmic circadian (approximately 24 h) variation of behaviour, metabolism and other physiological processes in mammals is governed by a dominant biological clock located in the hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN). Photic entrainment of the SCN circadian clock is mediated, in part, by vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP)(More)
Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) and gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP) acting via the VPAC2 receptor and BB2 receptors, respectively, are key signaling pathways in the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) circadian clock. Transgenic mice lacking the VPAC2 receptor (Vipr2(-/-)) display a continuum of disrupted behavioral rhythms with only a minority capable of(More)
The suprachiasmatic nucleus of the hypothalamus (SCN) is the master circadian pacemaker or clock in the mammalian brain. Canonical theory holds that the output from this single, dominant clock is responsible for driving most daily rhythms in physiology and behaviour. However, important recent findings challenge this uniclock model and reveal clock-like(More)
Neurons in the brain's suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCNs), which control the timing of daily rhythms, are thought to encode time of day by changing their firing frequency, with high rates during the day and lower rates at night. Some SCN neurons express a key clock gene, period 1 (per1). We found that during the day, neurons containing per1 sustain an(More)
  • Qing-Jun Meng, Larisa Logunova, Elizabeth S. Maywood, Monica Gallego, Jake Lebiecki, Timothy M. Brown +12 others
  • 2008
The intrinsic period of circadian clocks is their defining adaptive property. To identify the biochemical mechanisms whereby casein kinase1 (CK1) determines circadian period in mammals, we created mouse null and tau mutants of Ck1 epsilon. Circadian period lengthened in CK1epsilon-/-, whereas CK1epsilon(tau/tau) shortened circadian period of behavior in(More)
VIP acting via the VPAC(2) receptor is implicated as a key signaling pathway in the maintenance and resetting of the hypothalamic suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) circadian pacemaker; circadian rhythms in SCN clock gene expression and wheel-running behavior are abolished in mice lacking the VPAC(2) receptor (Vipr2(-/-)). Here, using immunohistochemical(More)
BACKGROUND In mammals, the synchronized activity of cell autonomous clocks in the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) enables this structure to function as the master circadian clock, coordinating daily rhythms in physiology and behavior. However, the dominance of this clock has been challenged by the observations that metabolic duress can over-ride SCN controlled(More)