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Faeces containing Trichostrongylus colubriformis and/or Ostertagia circumcincta eggs were used to provide four contaminations in each of 2 years on plots of browntop, Yorkshire fog, ryegrass, tall fescue, lucerne, chicory, cocksfoot, white clover, and prairie grass and in the second year a mixed sward of ryegrass/white clover. Third stage larvae were(More)
The presence of morphologically crypticlineages within the threatened brown kiwi ofNew Zealand has confounded their taxonomy. Recent genetic studies (Herbert and Daugherty1994; Baker et al. 1995) revealed that atleast two phylogenetic species exist within thebrown kiwi, and suggested that further researchshould resolve the taxonomic problems. In thispaper(More)
Two experiments investigated the efficacy of the legume Hedysarum coronarium (sulla), which contains condensed tannins (CTs), for reducing gastrointestinal nematode infections relative to lucerne. Experiment 1 was aimed to show whether the lower faecal egg count (FEC) and larval establishment previously reported in lambs grazing sulla were due to direct(More)
We present the outcome of a century of post-bottleneck isolation of a long-lived species, the little spotted kiwi (Apteryx owenii, LSK) and demonstrate that profound genetic consequences can result from protecting few individuals in isolation. LSK were saved from extinction by translocation of five birds from South Island, New Zealand to Kapiti Island 100(More)
The stability of a low-copy-number plasmid, pHSG415, in Escherichia coli, was investigated in batch and continuous culture. The plasmid was unstable in batch culture, but was significantly stabilized by growth in continuous culture with phosphate, nitrogen or potassium limitation. However, the plasmid was very unstable when grown in continuous culture with(More)
The salivary glands of the moth,Manduca sexta, are described, emphasizing correlations between structure and function in an attempt to explain the production of a dilute saliva. Each of the paired glands consists of five distinct regions: protein secreting, fluid secreting, thin duct, bulbous duct, and common duct. Each region constists of a single,(More)
Lambs were grazed on monospecific swards of one of six forages, some containing condensed tannins (CT); sulla (Hedysarum coronarium), Lotus corniculatus and L. pedunculatus and some without CT (lucerne (Medicago sativa), plantain (Plantago lanceolata) and a ryegrass/white clover pasture (Lolium perenne/Trifolium repens)) to evaluate effects of forage type(More)
We present 14 microsatellite loci that were isolated from little spotted kiwi (LSK, Apteryx owenii). All loci cross-amplify in all kiwi species currently recognized except for one locus in a single species. Little spotted kiwi exhibited lower variation at these loci (mean number of alleles, H E) than other kiwi species, despite the markers having been(More)
A field trial was conducted to assess the rate at which dung becomes infested by fungi which parasitise nematodes (nematophagous fungi) after deposition. Sheep dung was placed on field plots of bare ground, ryegrass (Lolium perenne), browntop (Agrostis capillaris) and white clover (Trifolium repens) in summer (February) and autumn (April), and subsamples(More)
The population dynamics of Trichostrongylus colubriformis larvae were compared over two years on contrasting topographical aspects north (warm and dry) and south-facing (cool and moist) hill slopes) on paddocks which form part of the 'non-chemical' and conventional' farm systems at the AgResearch Ballantrae Hill Country Station located in a summer-moist(More)