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PURPOSE The nuclear transcription factor nuclear factor-kappa B (NF kappa B) and its inhibitor, I kappa B, regulate the transcription of various genes involved in cell proliferation, adhesion, and survival. The NF kappa B transcription factor complex plays a role in cancer development and progression through its influence on apoptosis. More recently, NF(More)
Claudins, members of a large family of adherent junction proteins, regulate the integrity and function of tight junctions and influence tumorigenesis. Recent studies have shown that altered levels of the different claudins may be related to invasion and progression of carcinoma cells in several primary neoplasms. However, there is no reported study(More)
PURPOSE A phase II trial was undertaken to assess the feasibility, toxicity, and efficacy of high-dose carboplatin and etoposide with autologous bone marrow transplantation in patients with relapsed or refractory germ cell tumors. PATIENTS AND METHODS Forty patients with recurrent germ cell cancer received carboplatin 500 mg/m2 and etoposide 400 mg/m2(More)
BACKGROUND Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDK) and cyclins constitute the subunits of the maturation-promoting factor that controls the process of cell division. High levels of these proteins have been reported in human malignancies of the stomach, colon, breast, and lung, and have been implicated in aberrant cell division and dysregulated tumor growth. (More)
PURPOSE To test whether p34cdc2 overexpression, CD44s downregulation, and HER-2/neu amplification correlate with disease recurrence after radical prostatectomy, and to evaluate a possible biologic association between p34cdc2 and HER-2/neu expression. MATERIALS AND METHODS Immunohistochemical (IHC) detection of both p34cdc2 cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK)(More)
PURPOSE We developed a neural network to identify patients with bladder cancer more effectively than hematuria and cytology. The algorithm is based on combined urine levels of nuclear matrix protein-22, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 and urinary intercellular adhesion molecule-1. MATERIALS AND METHODS A randomized double-blinded study of voided urine(More)
PURPOSE We assessed the staging accuracy of endo-rectal coil magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients with clinically localized prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS In a prospective study 56 consecutive patients underwent endo-rectal coil MRI before scheduled surgery. The ability of MRI to identify tumor involvement of the periprostatic soft tissue,(More)
UNLABELLED Postoperative ileus is a concern among surgical patients. Epidural anesthesia and analgesia with local anesthetics can decrease the duration of ileus. Significant systemic absorption of local anesthesia occurs during epidural use. In this study, we examined whether many of the beneficial effects on bowel function seen with epidural lidocaine are(More)
BACKGROUND DNA ploidy determination of carcinomas in radical prostatectomy specimens has shown significant correlation with patient outcome, but the predictive value of ploidy status of cancers obtained by transrectal ultrasound-guided needle biopsies has not been studied extensively. METHODS Eighty-nine paired needle biopsy specimens (NBX) and radical(More)