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Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) is a potent stimulator of growth and motility of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs). Abnormalities of PDGF/PDGF receptor (PDGFR) are thought to contribute to vascular diseases and malignancy. We previously showed that a carotenoid, lycopene, can directly bind to PDGF and affect its related functions in VSMCs. In this(More)
Lung cancer cells express different chemokines and chemokine receptors that modulate leukocyte infiltration within tumor microenvironment. In this study we screened several mediators/growth factors on CXCL1 release in human carcinoma epithelial cells. Of the tested mediators, VEGF was found to have a robust increase in causing CXCL1 release. VEGF stimulated(More)
AIM Chemokines usually direct the movement of circulating leukocytes to sites of inflammation or injury. CXCL1/GRO-α has been shown to be upregulated in atherosclerotic lesions and various cancers. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms underlying the TNF-α-induced release of CXCL1 from human vascular endothelial cells in vitro. METHODS(More)
AIMS/INTRODUCTION Admission hyperglycemia is associated with poor outcome in patients with myocardial infarction. The present study evaluated the relationship between admission glucose level and other clinical variables in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). MATERIALS AND(More)
The expression of TRB3 (tribbles 3), an apoptosis regulated gene, increases during endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. How mechanical stress affects the regulation of TRB3 in cardiomyocytes during apoptosis is not fully understood. An in vivo model of aorta-caval shunt in adult rats demonstrated the increased TRB3 protein expression in the myocardium. The(More)
Background: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients have a wide spectrum of risks for subsequent cardiovascular events and death. However, there is no simple, convenience scoring system to identify risk of adverse outcomes. We investigated whether CHADS 2 and CHA 2 DS 2-VASc scores were useful tools to assess the risk for adverse events among ACS patients.
BACKGROUND Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients have a wide spectrum of risks for subsequent cardiovascular events and death. However, there is no simple, convenience scoring system to identify risk of adverse outcomes. We investigated whether CHADS₂ and CHA₂DS₂-VASc scores were useful tools to assess the risk for adverse events among ACS patients. (More)
BACKGROUND MicroRNAs play an important role in cardiac remodeling. MicroRNA 499 (miR499) is highly enriched in cardiomyocytes and targets the gene for Calcineurin A (CnA), which is associated with mitochondrial fission and apoptosis. The mechanism regulating miR499 in stretched cardiomyocytes and in volume overloaded heart is unclear. We sought to(More)
BACKGROUND Chemerin, a novel adipokine, plays a role in the inflammation status of vascular endothelial cells. Hypoxia causes endothelial-cell proliferation, migration, and angiogenesis. This study was aimed at evaluating the protein and mRNA expression of chemerin after exposure of human coronary artery endothelial cells (HCAECs) to hypoxia. METHODS AND(More)
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