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The SH2/SH3 adaptor protein Dock has been proposed to transduce signals from guidance receptors to the actin cytoskeleton in Drosophila photoreceptor (R cell) growth cones. Here, we demonstrate that Drosophila p21-activated kinase (Pak) is required in a Dock pathway regulating R cell axon guidance and targeting. Dock and Pak colocalize to R cell axons and(More)
Mammalian LIM-kinases (LIMKs) phosphorylate cofilin and induce actin cytoskeletal reorganization. To elucidate the functional roles of LIMKs in vivo during developmental processes, we attempted to isolate the cDNA encoding a Drosophila homolog of LIMK (DLIMK) and identified two isoforms of DLIMK transcripts coding for proteins with 1235 and 1257 amino(More)
Drosophila Roundabout (Robo) is the founding member of a conserved family of repulsive axon guidance receptors that respond to secreted Slit proteins. Here we present evidence that the SH3-SH2 adaptor protein Dreadlocks (Dock), the p21-activated serine-threonine kinase (Pak), and the Rac1/Rac2/Mtl small GTPases can function during Robo repulsion.(More)
The ability to detect variations in humidity is critical for many animals. Birds, reptiles and insects all show preferences for specific humidities that influence their mating, reproduction and geographic distribution. Because of their large surface area to volume ratio, insects are particularly sensitive to humidity, and its detection can influence their(More)
Genetic data from Drosophila have suggested a functional relationship between the novel cytoplasmic protein encoded by the deltex locus and the transmembrane receptor encoded by Notch. We have demonstrated a direct interaction between these proteins from expression studies conducted in cultured cells, in yeast, and in the imaginal wing disc. deltex binds(More)
The Pak kinases are effectors for the small GTPases Rac and Cdc42 and are divided into two subfamilies. Group I Paks possess an autoinhibitory domain that can suppress their kinase activity in trans. In Drosophila, two Group I kinases have been identified, dPak and Pak3. Rac and Cdc42 participate in dorsal closure of the embryo, a process in which a hole in(More)
Numerous studies have shown that ingrowing olfactory axons exert powerful inductive influences on olfactory map development. From an overexpression screen, we have identified wnt5 as a potent organizer of the olfactory map in Drosophila melanogaster. Loss of wnt5 resulted in severe derangement of the glomerular pattern, whereas overexpression of wnt5(More)
The convergence of olfactory axons expressing particular odorant receptor (Or) genes on spatially invariant glomeruli in the brain is one of the most dramatic examples of precise axon targeting in developmental neurobiology. The cellular and molecular mechanisms by which olfactory axons pathfind to their targets are poorly understood. We report here that(More)
Extensive genetic and molecular analyses indicate that Notch acts as a transmembrane receptor in an evolutionarily conserved cell interaction mechanism that appears to control a common step in the progression of an uncommitted cell towards the differentiated state. In Drosophila, Notch mutations were shown to affect the development of a broad spectrum of(More)
Lim Kinase (Limk) belongs to a phylogenetically conserved family of serine/threonine kinases, which have been shown to be potent regulators of the actin cytoskeleton. Despite accumulating evidence of its biochemical actions, its in vivo function has remained poorly understood. The association of the Limk1 gene with Williams Syndrome indicates that proteins(More)