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Arsenic is a well-known poison and carcinogen in humans. However, it also has been used to effectively treat some human cancers and non-carcinogenic ailments. Previously, we demonstrated in keratinocytes that arsenic trioxide (ATO)-induced p21 WAF1/CIP1 (p21) expression leading to cellular cytotoxicity through the c-Src/EGFR/ERK pathway and generation of(More)
BACKGROUND The up-regulation of CCAAT/enhancer binding protein delta (CEBPD) has frequently been observed in macrophages in age-associated disorders, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA). However, the role of macrophage CEBPD in the pathogenesis of RA is unclear. METHODOLOGY AND PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We found that the collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) score(More)
Phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase (PHGPx), a selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase, can interact with lipophilic substrates, including the phospholipid hydroperoxides, fatty-acid hydroperoxides, and cholesteryl ester hydroperoxides, and reduce them to hydroxide compounds. We studied the functional role of endogenous PHGPx in regulation(More)
Serine hydroxymethyltransferase (SHMT) provides activated one-carbon units required for the biosynthesis of nucleotides, protein, and methyl group by converting serine and tetrahydrofolate to glycine and N(5),N(10)-methylenetetrahydrofolate. It is postulated that SHMT activity is associated with the development of methotrexate resistance and the in vivo(More)
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a complex injury involving several physiological alterations, potentially leading to neurological impairment. Previous mouse studies using high-density oligonucleotide array analysis have confirmed the upregulation of transforming growth-interacting factor (TGIF) mRNA in TBI. TGIF is a transcriptional corepressor of(More)
* Abstract – This paper presents a microfluidic chip with arc-shape electrodes array (ASEA) for separation of different-size particles/Cells based on negative dielectrophoresis (nDEP). The purpose of ASEA is to generate the dielectrophoretic force perpendicular to the microchannel direction within the gap between each pairs of arc-shape electrodes. The DEP(More)
Inorganic arsenic is well known as a carcinogen in human beings. Chronic exposure to inorganic arsenic increases risks of developing some cancers and non-carcinogenic diseases, such as skin lesions in humans. However, the modes of action are not well elucidated. In the present study, HaCaT cells, an immortalized non-tumorigenic human keratinocyte, were(More)
Metformin, as an AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activator, can activate autophagy. A study showed that metformin decreased the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in diabetic patients. However, the detailed mechanism in the metformin-mediated anticancer effect remains an open question. Transcription factor CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein delta(More)
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