Huei-Jiun Yang

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PURPOSE Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), an enzyme that degrades tryptophan, is a negative immune regulatory molecule of dendritic cells. IDO-expressing dendritic cells suppress T cell responses and may be immunosuppressive in vivo. We hypothesized that silencing the IDO expression in skin dendritic cells in vivo could elicit antitumor activity in(More)
BACKGROUND DNA vaccine is a new and powerful approach to generate immunological responses against infectious disease and cancer. The T helper type (Th)1 immune response is usually required for generating effective anti-tumor responses. A microparticulate bombardment system can induce an immune response using very low amounts of DNA. Using nozzle(More)
Many types of malignant cells have a higher nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) turnover rate than normal cells, as well as the ability to escape immune responses. Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) is reported to be a negative immune regulator. Overexpression of IDO in dendritic cells is observed in tumor-draining lymph nodes. IDO-expressing dendritic(More)
BACKGROUND Tyrosine kinase inhibitor gefitinib is effective against lung cancer cells carrying mutant epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR); however, it is not effective against lung cancer carrying normal EGFR. The breaking of immune tolerance against self epidermal growth factor receptor with active immunization may be a useful approach for the(More)
DNA vaccine represents a novel method to elicit immunity against infectious disease. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) copurified with plasmid DNA may affect therapeutic efficacy and immunological response. We aimed to study the effect of LPS on the therapeutic efficacy of HER-2/neu DNA vaccine in a mouse tumor animal model. Plasmid DNA purified from commercial(More)
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