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The activities of peroxisomal beta-oxidation, cytosolic and microsomal epoxide hydrolase as well as soluble glutathione S-transferases have been determined in the livers of alloxan- and streptozotocin-diabetic male Fischer-344 rats. Five, seven and ten days after initiation of diabetes serum glucose levels were elevated 3.6-, 5.7- to 6.2- and 6-fold, while(More)
Trans-3,4-dihydroxy-3,4-dihydrochrysene (chrysene-3,4-diol), a major metabolite of chrysene, is further metabolized by rat liver enzymes to products which effectively revert the his- Salmonella typhimurium strain TA98 to histidine prototrophy, but are only weakly mutagenic in strain TA100 and in Chinese hamster V79 cells (acquisition of resistance to(More)
6,7-Dihydroxycoumarin (Aesculetin) was found to be a substrate of rat liver Catechol-O-methylfransferase (COMT) (EC Incubation of this substrate with S-Adenosyl-L-[methyl-14C]methionine and/or S-Adenosylmethionin-hydrogensulfate in the presence of COMT yields the highly fluorescent compounds 7-hydroxy-6-methoxycoumarin (Scopoletin) and(More)
The role of oxygen tension, insulin, and glucagon on the preservation and induction of cytochrome P450 isoenzyme activities and contents was investigated in rat hepatocytes cultured for 4 days on crude liver membrane fractions at 4 or 13% O2. At 13% O2, three out of six immunochemically analyzed P450 isoenzymes were significantly higher than in 4% O2.(More)
Benzene metabolism was investigated using two purified rat hepatic MFO systems containing either cytochrome P450 2B1 or cytochrome P450 2E1. Studies performed over a wide substrate concentration range indicate that cytochrome P450 2B1 represents a relatively low-affinity form of cytochrome P450 with respect to benzene metabolism while cytochrome P450 2E1 is(More)
To gain an understanding of the mechanism by which the subcellular distribution of cytosolic epoxide hydrolase (cEH) is directed, we have analyzed the carboxy terminal region of rat liver cEH by means of cDNA cloning to define the structure of its possible peroxisomal targeting sequence (PTS). Purified cEH was subjected to peptide analysis following(More)
Two forms of human liver cytosolic epoxide hydrolase (cEH) with diagnostic substrate specificity for trans-stilbene oxide (cEHTSO) and cis-stilbene oxide (cEHCSO) have been identified, and cEHCSO was purified to apparent homogeneity. The enzyme had a monomer molecular weight of 49 kDa and an isoelectric point of 9.2. Pure cEHCSO hydrolyzed CSO at a rate of(More)
Cytosolic epoxide hydrolase activity was measured towards trans-stilbene oxide in 41 human adult livers, in 40 fetal livers, in 17 placentas and in fetal and adult lungs, kidneys and gut. The cytosolic epoxide hydrolase activity was measurable in all specimens investigated. The rate of formation of trans-stilbene glycol (pmol/min per mg protein, mean +/-(More)
A cDNA of 1992 base pairs encoding the complete rat liver cytosolic epoxide hydrolase has been isolated using a polymerase chain reaction-derived DNA fragment (Arand, M., Knehr, M., Thomas, H., Zeller, H. D., and Oesch, F. (1991) FEBS Lett. 294, 19-22) known to represent the 3'-end of the cytosolic epoxide hydrolase mRNA. Sequence analysis revealed an open(More)
Human liver epoxide hydrolases were characterized by several criteria and a cytosolic cis-stilbene oxide hydrolase (cEHCSO) was purified to apparent homogeneity. Styrene oxide and five phenylmethyloxiranes were tested as substrates for human liver epoxide hydrolases. With microsomes activity was highest with trans-2-methylstyrene oxide, followed by styrene(More)