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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous single-stranded RNA molecules of about 21 nucleotides in length that are fundamental post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression. Although the transcriptional and processing events involved in the generation of miRNAs have been extensively studied, very little is known pertaining to components that regulate the(More)
We recently demonstrated that the major decapping activity in mammalian cells involves DcpS, a scavenger pyrophosphatase that hydrolyzes the residual cap structure following 3' to 5' decay of an mRNA. The association of DcpS with 3' to 5' exonuclease exosome components suggests that these two activities are linked and there is a coupled exonucleolytic(More)
NF-κB-inducing kinase (NIK) is required for NF-κB activation based on the processing of NF-κB2 p100. Here we report a novel mechanism of NIK regulation involving the chaperone 90 kDa heat shock protein (Hsp90) and autophagy. Functional inhibition of Hsp90 by the anti-tumor agent geldanamycin (GA) efficiently disrupts its interaction with NIK, resulting in(More)
Eukaryotic cells primarily utilize exoribonucleases and decapping enzymes to degrade their mRNA. Two major decapping enzymes have been identified. The hDcp2 protein catalyzes hydrolysis of the 5' cap linked to an RNA moiety, whereas the scavenger decapping enzyme, DcpS, functions on a cap structure lacking the RNA moiety. DcpS is a member of the histidine(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common cancers worldwide with poor prognosis. IFN-stimulated genes 15 (ISG15) is an ubiquitin-like molecule that is strongly upregulated by type I interferons as a primary response to diverse microbial and cellular stress stimuli. However, the role of ISG15 in HCC remains unclear. In this study, we(More)
Amplification of the MYCN gene in human neuroblastoma predicts poor prognosis and resistance to therapy. We previously showed that MYCN-amplified neuroblastoma cells constantly require large amounts of glutamine to support their unabated growth. However, the identity and regulation of the transporter(s) that capture glutamine in MYCN-amplified neuroblastoma(More)
Multidrug resistance (MDR) is one of the major obstacles to successful chemotherapy. Overexpression of drug efflux transporters such as P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is an important factor responsible for MDR. Herein, a novel copolymer, D-α-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000-block-poly(β-amino ester) (TPGS-b-PBAE, TP), was synthesized for overcoming multidrug(More)
Complete removal of residual N-7 guanine cap from degraded messenger RNA is necessary to prevent accumulation of intermediates that might interfere with RNA processing, export, and translation. The human scavenger decapping enzyme, DcpS, catalyzes residual cap hydrolysis following mRNA degradation, releasing N-7 methyl guanosine monophosphate and(More)
NF-kappaB-inducing kinase (NIK) is required for NF-kappaB activation based on the processing of NF-kappaB2 p100. Here we report a novel mechanism of NIK regulation involving the chaperone 90 kDa heat shock protein (Hsp90) and autophagy. Functional inhibition of Hsp90 by the anti-tumor agent geldanamycin (GA) efficiently disrupts its interaction with NIK,(More)
Aberrant activation of Wnt signaling pathway is crucial for the onset and progression of human colorectal cancer (CRC). Owing to the persistent dependence on Wnt signaling for growth and survival, inhibition of this pathway is an attractive approach for new therapies. 11α, 12α-epoxyleukamenin E (EPLE) is a novel ent-kaurane diterpenoid that we previously(More)