Hubertus Köller

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Incubation of cultured cortical astrocytes with tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) led to a marked reduction of membrane potential. Here we report that this depolarization depends on activation of protein kinase C (PKC), since it could be blocked by the PKC antagonists staurosporine and H7 and it could be mimicked by direct activation of PKC using the(More)
BACKGROUND Both HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) may enter the central nervous system and cause cognitive and/or motor dysfunction. There are limited data on cognition and no data on motor performance in HIV/HCV-coinfected patients. OBJECTIVE To provide data on cognition and motor performance in HIV/HCV infected patients. METHODS We compared 43(More)
Myopathies ranging from myalgia to clinically asymptomatic creatine kinase (CK) elevation and to life-threatening rhabdomyolysis belong to the most important complications of lipid-lowering therapies with fibrates and 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors, i.e., statins. Rhabdomyolysis is a rare side effect of statin therapy(More)
K(+) currents of activated glial cells surrounding ischemic infarcts are investigated using acutely dissociated cells from the periinfarct area after permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion in rats. Inwardly rectifying K(+) currents (K(IR)) were markedly reduced in cells neighboring infarcts with maximal alteration at day 3 after infarct followed by a(More)
Sirs: Intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIg) represent one of the mainstays in the treatment of chronic immune mediated neuropathies [1–4]. Although numerous studies demonstrated clinical efficacy of IVIg over the shortterm, the appropriate dose and route of administration for longterm maintenance therapy are not fully established [5]. Based on a small number(More)
The early development of functionally active GABA and glutamate receptors on neurons from hippocampus, septal region, and neocortex of embryonic rats were studied using primary dissociated serum-free cell cultures. The responses to GABA and glutamate, applied to individual neurons by pressure ejection, were tested at different developmental stages, starting(More)
Spontaneous activity and rhythmical oscillations are common features of large neuronal networks in mammals. Detection of repetitive spike patterns or pacemaker activity during electrophysiological recording of spontaneous action potentials from single neurons can be difficult if a “noisy” background is present. This paper describes an improved method for an(More)
The trans-activator protein Tat of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is regarded as an injurious molecule in the pathogenesis of HIV-1 associated encephalopathy (HIVE). We investigated the effects of Tat on neuroligand-induced intracellular Ca2+ increase in cultured astroglial cells. Rat cortical astrocytes, human glioblastoma cells and glial(More)
The authors examined the correlation between Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Dementia Scale (HDS) and psychomotor tests, evaluating basal ganglia function in 266 HIV-seropositive, Caucasian, homosexual men. Fifty-five HIV-positive, patients with mild dementia (HDS score < or =10) showed significant slowing of most rapid alternating movements (MRAM) and(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) is a treatable but possibly underdiagnosed disorder of the peripheral nerve. This review covers the growing literature of the past years that deals with the pathogenesis, diagnostic criteria and treatment of CIDP. RECENT FINDINGS The recent development of a biphasic animal model of(More)