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The design problem of generalized brain-state-in-a-box (GBSB) type associative memories is formulated as a constrained optimization program, and "designer" neural networks for solving the program in real time are proposed. The stability of the designer networks is analyzed using Barbalat's lemma. The analyzed and synthesized neural associative memories do(More)
Swelling-induced Cl- conductance in cultured rat epididymal cells was characterized using whole cell patch-clamp techniques. Activation of whole cell current with an outwardly rectifying current-potential relationship was observed in cells exposed to hyposmotic solutions. This current was determined, from the observed current-reversal potentials at(More)
The present study investigated the regional distribution and cyclic changes in the mRNA expression of epithelial Na+ channel (ENaC) subunit and cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), a cAMP-activated Cl- channel, in adult female mouse reproductive tract. In situ hybridization revealed that in contrast to the abundant expression of CFTR,(More)
The regulatory pathways involved in the ATP-stimulated Cl- secretion across rat epididymal epithelium were investigated by the short-circuit current (ISC) technique. Biphasic characteristic was observed in the ISC responded to ATP (0.01-10 microM). Inhibitor of P1 receptor, 8-phenyltheophylline (up to 100 microM), did not have any effect on both phases of(More)
The present study examined the effect of hepatoma-associated antigen HAb18G (homologous to CD147) expression on the NO/cGMP-regulated Ca(2+) mobilization and metastatic process of human hepatoma cells. HAb18G/CD147 cDNA was transfected into human 7721 hepatoma cells to obtain a cell line stably expressing HAb18G/CD147, T7721, as demonstrated by Northern(More)
The present study explored regulation of anion secretion across cystic fibrosis pancreatic ductal epithelium by extracellular ATP with the short-circuit current (Isc) technique. CFPAC-1 cells grown on Millipore filters formed polarized monolayers with junctional complexes as revealed by light and electron microscopy. The cultured monolayers exhibited an(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated the existence of several key components of the renin-angiotensin system in the pancreas. In the present study, the localization of angiotensin II receptor subtypes, type I (AT1) and type II (AT2), in the mouse and the rat pancreas was studied by immunocytochemistry using specific antipeptide antibodies against the second(More)
The study investigated the role of protein kinase C (PKC) in the modulation of agonist-induced Ca2+-dependent anion secretion by pancreatic duct cells. The short-circuit current (ISC) technique was used to examine the effect of PKC activation and inhibition on subsequent ATP, angiotensin II and ionomycin-activated anion secretion by normal (CAPAN-1) and(More)
The acrosome reaction has long been thought to be induced by the zona pellucida. Here we report the identification and function of a novel human sperm glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored membrane protein, NYD-SP8. The release of the protein during sperm-egg interaction and its binding to the cumulus, the first layer of egg investment, elicits(More)